Interviewee ID: 990006
Parent's name: Mishig
Year of Birth: 1926
Notes on education:
Born in: Hotont sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Gölgöö please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080401A with Gölgöö by Sainbileg
I was born in 1926 in Hotont sum of Arhangai aimag. I went to the Hotont sum school, and then I moved to a seven-year school in Tsetserleg sum and graduated from it. Then in 1946 I graduated from the Teachers’ school and I taught in the School Number One in Ulaanbaatar. In 1953 I graduated from the Mongolian State University and for thirty years I working as chief of the Department of Enlightenment [ie, Education] of Arhangai aimag and the governor of Övörhangai aimag. I also worked the Embassy in Czechoslovakia. Today, I work an NGO and teach children about the environment.
I was one of the first students who graduated from elementary and secondary school, the Teacher’s school and University. We studied in a ger when I went to elementary school. There were three dormitory buildings – one for boys, one for girls, and one for the kitchen. Every Thursday we had a meal with vegetables. I was a herder’s child, so I couldn’t eat vegetables. Later in Teacher’s school I learned to eat vegetables. At that time people wanted to keep their children at home and make them tend their livestock. But my father said, “I will put his property into my son’s head. He is a bright son,” and sent me to a school that was over 150 km away. At that time the Teacher’s school taught all the children who had come from the countryside. Some vocational schools had dormitories and the children ate free of charge there.
In 1932 the lamas struggled to exterminate the people’s government and establish a capitalist government. The so-called Tariats waged the Shambala war in the northern part of Hövsgöl to destroy the people’s government. Generally, all the schools and stores were closed and burned, and the leaders and the activists of the people’s government were made into living sacrifices. Then the military came to suppress them. In the socialist time the monasteries and the temples had been closed down and the reading the Buddha’s sutras ceased. But the ‘ails’ had Buddhas and they even got the lamas to burn the incense.
In the socialist period there had been over 300 cooperatives and over 30 state farms. All of them were privatized. The majority of the industries and equipment were obtained by the cunning people just by telling lies and stealing. The middle-class and poor people were just left with open mouths.