Interviewee ID: 990016
Parent's name: Anonymous
Year of Birth: 1934
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Davs sum, Uvs aimag
Lives in: Chingeltei sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Anonymous please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080602A with Anonymous by Erdenetuya
Anonymous farmed in his nutag, and worked as a master for a factory, and a manager of a milk and oil unit until he was 20 and mobilized into army and after returning became a driver. They did not know what a blanket was when they entered school and each child was given 8 notebooks per year. They wrote with pencils and aluminum. Households with many livestock did not like to send their children to school. School children had to teach their neighbors during the summer vacation. Anonymous‘s family had about 300 livestock, and planted barley with a plough. He served in a logistics section while he was in the army and many young people learned how to drive car and combine and names of medicines in the army.
After returning to his hometown he joined a МААМС (livestock husbandry machine station). Later it is closed down and became factory in the collective. At first only 4-5 households established a collective together. People with no livestock contributed whatever they have such as a plough, horse hobbles, or harness. The collective's accountant evaluated its members work and gave salary for each month in advance. Before the establishment of the collectives, there was a 5 year plan and strict norms for meat, milk, wool and etc were set up for households and it was difficult for herders to complete this task.
People were trained in various courses and learned a profession during socialism. The awards such as degrees, medals, monthly salary, wool, etc. were given to people who worked hard. Also the title of '5 year shock-worker' was given to those who did 5 year plans within 1 or 2 years. During the cultural campaigns, visits to households and inspections of organizations were organized and if there were any problems, revealed they were put in the magazine “Tonshuul”. The agitators responsible for 10 households would read the daily newspaper and talk to the households about it.
After democracy, alcoholism and anarchy became widespread and people's qualities also worsened. Privatization was #very poorly organized, and carried out incorrectly and doctors, teachers and drivers became victims of such wrongdoing. Anonymous ended his interview with such comments.