Interviewee ID: 990033
Parent's name: Süh
Year of Birth: 1928
Notes on education:
Born in: Tüshig sum, Selenge aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Selenge aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Demberel please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080802A with Demberel by Erdenetuya
Demberel was born in Tsagaannuur sum of Selenge Aimag in 1928 and graduated the sum primary school and secondary school Number One in Ulaanbaatar and studied at mathematics faculty of the Mongolian National University.
He entered in school in his teens and it was mandatory for school children to stay in dormitories. At the dormitory children had a hot bath and their clothes were cleaned of lice by putting them outside.
During the war, the windows of the households were covered by black cloth in order to hide the light in the evenings.
At that time, children were interested in school and everything was provided by the school. Only one sheep was given to school for school payment. The sum submitted the names of all children to the school and only those who wanted to go went to school.
Summary of Interview 080812A with Demberel by Erdenetuya
Demberel’s father was a hunter, who was in charge of submitting animals sent for slaughther to the Tsagaan aral unit. The first collective in his hometown was the “Gerelt zam” collective. Later it shifted to the Tsagaannuur agricultural state farm. At that time, all households of the sum was taking care of the horse relay in turns.
He entered Tüshig primary school in 1938 and at that time school had a building and also a see-saw. Demberel was a student at the monastery when he was 3, so he knew Mongolian script when he entered school. School made children take hot baths and cleansed them of lice. Mathematics and Mongolian language were taught at the school. All Tsahars (ethnic group) of Tüshig were arrested when he was at the primary school. Only children and women were left at home.
During the war, he studied at school Number One and it was not allowed to have lights and all the windows have to be covered in the evenings. In the fifth grade, Cyrillic started to be taught at the school. Demberel graduated from the mathematics faculty of the Mongolian National University. When he was student, it was checked whether students took a bath or not as well as the cleanliness of the dormitory. All subjects were taught in Russian at that time. The state paid a lot of attention to preparing good teachers. After graduating University, he was appointed to Dundgobi aimag and worked there for three years and then moved to Selenge aimag and worked as a teacher. In 1956, Selenge aimag was combined with Töv Aimag.
During the cultural campaigns, each household had to have at least two sets of bed sheets, kitchen towels and there were many agitators going to households who carried out agitation and checked the cleanliness of the household.
Privatization was crooked. Democracy came with promises of making the monthly salary 1500 tögrögs, but they led society to anarchy.