Interviewee ID: 990045
Parent's name: Jamts
Year of Birth: 1931
Occupations: retired (previous job illegibile)
Notes on education:
Born in: Manlai sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Manlai sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tsohio please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080809A with Tsohio by Oyuntungalag
Tsohio was born to a family of an ordinary herder. He had six siblings. Some of his siblings were given to adoption. In 1942, at 11 he went to elementary school. From 1951 to 1954 he served in the army. After the army, he worked in many places in Ömnögobi. His job history includes work as the darga of a collective farm, an aid to the darga of Ömnögobi aimag’s Planning Commission, the darga of a brigade, an aid to the darga of Party’s cell, the darga of Party’s cell, and the darga of People’s Inspection Committee. For his work he received many awards from the state. After retirement in 1991, he spent about ten years herding.
Tsohio tells about his elementary school, the army, his siblings, his jobs, collectivisation, and when he first saw a car. In his days, younger conscripts were not subjected to humiliating treatment in the army. It was institutionalized only later. Every soldier had a ration of 300g of tobacco, whether one smoked or not. He became member of the People’s Revolutionary Party in 1956. Not everyone was accepted to the Party, including those from a noble lineage or those whose parents were lamas. Being member of the Party, Tsohio was appointed to different jobs that he did by the Party. As a cell’s darga, his job entailed improving the education of its members, and organising activities, such as digging up wells, building fences for cattle. Members had to pay membership fee. While working in the People’s Inspection Committee, he had the opportunity to go to the USSR on a short educational trip.
He keeps in touch with his siblings who were given to adoption. He personally participated in the collectivisation.
Summary of Interview 080809B with Tsohio by Oyuntungalag
Tsohio tells what it was like working in the socialist period. Workers were obedient, and there were no people without work. In his view, in the socialist period the state also did not lie and fulfilled its obligations. There was no poverty, families with many children were supported through allowances. Divorce was also discouraged, if people got divorced measures were taken at party meetings. Since the beginning of democracy the state started telling lies, inflation rose dramatically, and poverty increased. Tsohio had high expectations when democracy began, but soon was disappointed. He does not like multi-party system and the fact that the collective farms have been disbanded. He himself received nothing from the privatisation.
The democratic movement began in the year of the white horse. Tsohio tells in retrospect that people in his place do not like the white horse, for it is believed that this particular year brings drought in the summer and zud in the winter. Also the democratic movement started with a hunger strike, which is a bad omen. No wonder then that democracy brought nothing good to Mongolia.