Interviewee ID: 990047
Parent's name: Tserennadmid
Year of Birth: 1973
Occupations: Manlai sumyn ITH-yn darga
Notes on education:
Born in: Manlai sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Manlai sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: veterinarian
Father's profession: teacher
To read a full interview with Ganhölög please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080811A with Ganhölög by Oyuntungalag
Ganhölög is the oldest of six children in his family. When he was a year old, his mother left him with her parents to pursue education and career. At the age of eight Ganhölög joined his mother in Ömnögobi aimag centre where she was posted as an inspector. There he went to elementary school. The next year he moved with his parents to Manlai sum. His stepfather was a driver in a collective farm. After finishing secondary school he went to teach drawing and labour in a secondary school in Hanbogd sum where his biological father worked. From 1992 to 1993 Ganhölög attended a one-year course at the State Pedagogical Institute in Ulaanbaatar. After graduating from the Institute he returned to Hanbogd’s school. In 1995 he contracted hepatitis and stayed in and out of hospital for four years. In 2001 he became member of the Revolutionary Party and the next year went to Ulaanbaatar to study at the Academy of Management for three years. From his first wife he has two children, and from his second wife- a child.
In his interview Ganhölög tells about the following: his birth, childhood, his grandparents, his student years in Ulaanbaatar, and socialism. His grandfather, who was educated in Japan in a school for spies, was arrested upon his return to Mongolia and sentenced to ten years. When Ganhӧlӧg was a child, his grandfather worked as a salesperson. Ganhӧlӧg’s grandmother was of noble origin. Having kind and loving grandparents, Ganhölög says, he was a spoiled child. Nevertheless as the oldest child in his family, he has always known his responsibility towards his siblings. For example, at the time of the interview he had three of his siblings studying at universities in Ulaanbaatar. He pays all their tuition fees. When Ganhölög himself studied at the State Pedagogical University in 1992, he had hard times: he was often hungry, saw no joy and happiness around him. An important part of his interview is dedicated to his childhood. He tells what he did, what saw. In his view, today’s children’s psychology changed a lot. Children became less collective oriented.
His birth story is interesting. He was born in an airplane. Hence he was named Ganhölög, which means an ‘airplane made of steel’. When he was three he was issued a free flight ticket valid until he is sixteen. He made use of the ticket three times.
Summary of Interview 080811B with Ganhölög by Oyuntungalag
Ganhölög discusses a broad variety of topics: work ethics in socialism and today, politics, the state, teaching job, what is wrong with democracy in Mongolia, climate change, NGOs, and toponymic changes in his aimag. In his view, in the socialist period people understood their job as their duty, whereas today job is seen as a source of income. Especially bureaucrats from government and MPs are preoccupied with using their position for mercantile purposes only. Today the state is not the state it used to be, and state policy is dysfunctional. No wonder, then, that corruption became endemic. In the socialist past dargas were proper dargas, irrespective of their position in the bureaucratic hierarchy. They were all equally respected, and lived better than ordinary workers. In contrast, today dargas at the regional level live worse, and have less authority.
According to Ganhölög, democracy brought nothing good and positive to Mongolia, though it began correctly. Because democracy was implemented wrongly, the following happened: People lost their trust in the state, privatisation was carried out wrongly, many factories were forced to shut their doors, the whole economy is now dominated by the Chinese, theft, immoral activities and disorder became widespread. The weakening of state control and the fact that people were left on their own have had a negative impact on men: men started drinking vodka. As of climate change, Ganhӧlӧg says that the deterioration of nature in his aimag must be directly linked to global warming.
In the past the names of places were mostly Tibetan. In socialist times toponyms in general reflected the physical appearance of places, as in Tsagaan Tolgoi ‘White Hill’, Ulaan Tolgoi ‘Red Hill’, and so on. Today many places are named after individuals who live there.