Interviewee ID: 990058
Parent's name: Sambuu
Year of Birth: 1936
Notes on education: büren dund
Born in: Shaamar sum, Selenge aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Selenge aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: Хоршоо худалдаанд
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Summary of Interview 080815A with Chültemsüren by Erdenetuya
Chültemsüren’s father’s name was Sambuu and he worked as an trade agent. His father had a 12000 tögrög shortage in his business, so the home and assets were sealed and cattle confiscated. It was a kind of repression, according to Chültemsüren.
Chültemsüren studied for the first two quarters of 10th grade and then joined a petrol distribution point as a warden. Later, he worked at the train depot as a inspector and studied at the construction vocational school. After graduation he went back to his hometown and worked at his profession and later became a driver. His primary school time was after the war, so goods were scarce including stationery like notepad, papers, ink and also food. At that time the Japanese worked in Zuunbayan.
During the first 5 year plan, households would exchange things to complete their duties.
First Director of the Nairamdal collective of his hometown was Norov. At first people joined the collective by collectivizing their cattle voluntarily, as many as they wanted. Later, if herders collectivized at least 10 cattle, they were able to join the state farm (sangiin aj ahui). The state farm prepared everything for the herders including their movement, winter and spring quarters, etc. During the cultural campaign, state and hospital people checked the cleanliness of households and cess-pit in the hashaa. If someone voided in the street they were blamed. During the socialism, people secretly approached monks, bonesetters and worshipped in the forest secretly.
Coinciding with the social reform in Russia, the cattle were rented to herders and technical equipment was given to families. Half of the animal productivity was taken by the state farm and the other half remained for the herders. Later people established companies sharing the properties of the cooperative during the privatization, unfortunately they soon closed down. The companies insisted to local people that if they contributed to the company with their voucher, they will get their shares. Families sold their vouchers cheap because life was difficult. Only privileged people benefited from the privatization.