Interviewee ID: 990062
Parent's name: Batbuyan
Year of Birth: 1949
Occupations: private business
Notes on education:
Born in: Bulgan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: soldier, lieutenant colonel
To read a full interview with Bathuyag please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081002A with Bathuyag by Sarantsetseg
B. Bathuyag was born in 1949 into the family of a border post darga of Bulgan sum of Hovd aimag. At the age of nine he moved to the city and after completing the tenth grade he entered the General Military Institute. After graduating he was an officer for thirty years, during which time he was the head of a platoon, and then a company, and the head of automotive servicing for the military. In 2002 he retired.
In the first part of the interview he briefly talked about his parents. He was raised in the family of a high-ranking military official, and he became a clown in the secondary school and he used to play the main characters in plays. The loss of his dad left a deep mark on his life and he had the responsibility to take care of his younger brothers and sisters as he was the eldest in the family. When he talked about his work in Zuun Bayan as a platoon leader, which he did for over ten years, he talked about the life of the border military. He talked about the Soviet teachers and how in 1970 the Chinese invaded Vietnam that led to sending additional forces to Zuun Bayan. He briefly mentioned the cultural campaigns and the collectivization movement. He talked about the socialist-era policy of making people equal through their salary.
He talked in detail how the democratic process of 1990 flourished in Ulaanbaatar, and how he took part in it supporting it and participating in the demonstrations and how he made a monetary contribution to it. He continued that thanks to the democracy changes had been made in the Constitution and the people acquired property and the right to publish.
Due to lack of preparation, the privatization failed. The lives of the people were mostly poor therefore they didn’t see the effect of privatization for they an interest in selling the vouchers. And there were those who purchased the vouchers in batches and they bought the sites. All this led to an uneven result of privatization.
In addition, he shared his opinion about the family in the socialist time, about the family policy conducted at that time. He is satisfied with the good choice of the spouse and he talked about his faithful life to his wife and about his purposeful life. Also he mentioned briefly about nature and environment and funeral rituals.
Summary of Interview 081002B with Bathuyag by Sarantsetseg
In the first part of the interview he talked briefly about his family. During the second year of study at the Military Institute he lost his father and after graduation he worked in Zuun Bayan and used to give his salary to his mom and he bought clothes from the Russian store for his younger brothers and sisters and sent them to them. In such a way he helped his family. This was something he mentioned explicitly.
He also talked about the military field training that was frequently organized under the slogan “A military man is prepared for 1000 years and is used in a minute”. The Russian military bosses maltreated the soldiers from ethnic minorities and they used to beat them. Consequently, the Mongolian army had a difference between the incoming soldiers and the old ones. The old soldiers maltreated the newcomers.
At the end of the interview he talked about agitation (propaganda) in the socialist period, of how state property was most important, and private property was a bad thing to have. But due to democracy this situation has changed. The three-room apartment that was given by the army was privatized and it was the source of developing a private business. He mentioned about his reasonable life. He also briefly talked about the nation’s life during his childhood and about the people’s life, the life of the city people and the education system of that time. .