Interviewee ID: 990063
Parent's name: Baajgar
Year of Birth: 1949
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Dashzeveg please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080903A with Dashzeveg by Sarantsetseg
B.Dashzeveg was born in 1949 in Manhan sum of Hovd aimag. She studied at the vocational school kindergarten teachers, and then worked as one. Following her husband who was a military man, she had worked for twenty years in the 174th unit of Ulaanbaatar, in the military unit at Hovd, 203d unit at Zuun Bayan and the 016th military unit of Ulaanbaatar. From 1991 she lived in Ulaanbaatar. At the time of giving the interview she was working as a receptionist of an Institute.
In the start of her interview she mostly talked in detail about her childhood and the life of a schoolchild, and about her parents’ life. Her parents were considered rich in Manhan sum and they had 4, 5 stallions, over 1000 sheep and also they grew rye and they milled it and made flour. She shared briefly her mother’s reminiscence about her mother’s older brother Shaalav who was repressed and died and how people of that time were arrested, interrogated and shot. She also talked in detail about how her mother concealed her Buddhas and sutras up in the rocks, covering them with stones.
During the cultural campaign on weekends the hospital people together with people from the district visited the ails checking the number of mattresses, blankets, where the towels were and asking where the children’s white bed sheets were. The ails who met the requirements were given an award: “The Leading Civilized Ail”. Besides, she talked about the caution of the people in the beginning of the collectivization movement. They were afraid to be left without any livestock and for their children to have no food. One manifestation of this was that her mother, in order to retain half of her cattle, made her son marry when he was 16 years old and she gave him 500 sheep from her livestock. Nevertheless, they had very many cattle collectivized.
At the end of the interview she talked about how she sensed the difference of the sum, the aimag centre and the city and how she used to adapt to the differences. And also she talked about the Russians and the Chinese who worked and lived in Mongolia.
Summary of Interview 080903B with Dashzeveg by Sarantsetseg
In the first part Dashzeveg talked about working as accountant in the military and how she distributed food and clothes to the soldiers and also about working as a manager of the bath house for the military. She had the soldiers bathe twice a week and changed their white bed sheets. She also shared her thoughts on industrialization that flourished in Mongolia. She compared the families in the socialist time and in the modern time. In the socialist time the families had a maximum of 10-15 children and a minimum of four, and still the parents worked and they raised their children, whereas today there is a lot of divorce and she is upset that children are cast out into the streets. She has two daughters and two sons. She is comforted by the fact that all of her children work.
Dashzeveg also talked about the beginning of democracy when there was no flour or rice in the stores and the stores were empty. People were stressed about how to survive. But, now looking back, Mongolia is connected with many nations and if you have money, you can purchase whatever you want to. And they have acquired freedom. These are the advantages of democracy. She also talked in detail about her participation in the privatization process. People like her who shifted from one military unit to another were mostly left empty- handed. She mentioned how her husband used to say in regret, “I was left with four broken suitcases, one sick wife and four children without education. That’s what I was left with after the army.” If she had embezzled from the military food and clothes that she was in charge of, she could have become rich. But, like many others, she never had such a thought, and moreover, she was afraid to take out a loan.
In the last part she briefly mentioned about the progress of techniques and technology and the changes in the nature and environment, and funeral rituals.