Interviewee ID: 990064
Parent's name: Jamts
Ovog: Borjigon tsets
Year of Birth: 1938
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayanjargalan sum, Dundgovi aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tarav please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081207A with Tarav by Baasanhüü
J. Tarav was born the second daughter of Jamts in Bayanjargalan sum of Dundgovi aimag in 1938. Her parents were hereditary herders. In the 1940s the countryside children went to school comparatively late at about nine or ten and Tarav also went to school at that age. She studied at school until the fifth grade, when her father became ill and she had to quit to take care of him. She tended cattle all her life. At the age of 15 or 16 she became a [Revolutionary Youth] ‘League member’ and then having reached the age of 25 she joined the party and was a party member all of her life. At that time not everyone joined the party and only the leading and the best people and those who worked well joined the party. The party members also cherished their reputation and they tried to be an example to the others. Therefore she was very proud of being a party member.
The Revolutionary Youth League organization of that time was the initial stage of the party and it trained the young people who would later join the party. The young people of the League did a lot of publicly helpful work like haymaking, combing the goats and they also agitated (propagandized). They did all such work voluntarily and with good organizing. “Jargalyn zam’ collective was first established in the sum where she lived and after some time the people’s livestock increased and again they were collectivized, and the collective was expanded with a new name ‘Ardyn jargal’. She said the people at that time couldn’t cope with the livestock and they voluntarily joined the collectives. Agitations and propaganda were made about the significance of joining the collective and its advantages.
Summary of Interview 081207B with Tarav by Baasanhüü
J. Tarav said, “In the socialist period, people tended their own livestock together with the collective livestock, but they never differentiated the private and the collective livestock. They had the same attitude for they were paid 100-200 tögrögs a month for tending the livestock. It was sufficient money.” From what she said we can see that the people of that time not only tended the collective livestock but they also processed the raw materials from the livestock. In fact, they used all the animal by-products and benefits, and they delivered them according to the standard norms and planning.
Beginning from the 1960s a cultural campaign was begun in the countryside. As a result the ‘ails’ began to use stoves and stove pipes and the ger smoke and dust decreased. Each ail was required to have a sink for washing, hand towels, soap, a [wooden] ger floor, bed sheets and they checked who fulfilled these requirements and who lived clean and neatly. It was very effective, she said.
In the socialist period, in order to procure livestock from the countryside the people visited Ulaanbaatar while pasturing the livestock, and in some cases people bought livestock in one place and they drove them to their homeland and tended them till they got fat and they drove them back to Ulaanbaatar. This process is called ‘tuuvar’. At the age of ten for the first time she drove the ‘tuuvar’ cattle to the city in order to see Ulaanbaatar. Since then she had driven ‘tuuvar’ cattle several times.