Interviewee ID: 990065
Parent's name: Yondon
Year of Birth: 1954
Occupations: kindgergarten watchman
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Ölgii sum, Uvs aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Nyamaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081208A with Nyamaa by Baasanhüü
Yondongiin Nyamaa was born in 1954 into a herder’s family of Uvs aimag. Until the age of eight he was raised with the livestock, then he went to the school and he acquired a complete secondary education. After completing the eighth grade he tended livestock for 2-3 years and then he was called to serve in the army. When he was in the army, the term of service was three years. He served in the railway military, which is why he served in between Darhan and Erdenet cities and he built a railway between these two cities.
After demobilization he came to his homeland and was working as a postman. In 1978 he went to Selenge aimag and attended the tractor driving course. After that he went back to his homeland and worked as an irrigator at a farm and he worked there for ten years. While he worked there he became an aimag champion [of wrestling] and he was awarded with a right to tour the Russian Federation. The farm he worked at cultivated cattle fodder on 2100 hectares and it was a big farm with many workers. It was established in 1979 and it operated till 1989. With the rise of the democratic movement the society changed and the work stopped. The equipment and technology has been stolen.
Summary of Interview 081208B with Nyamaa by Baasanhüü
With the rise of democracy Nyamaa became unemployed and he started growing grain and vegetables privately. He sold the grain to the flour plant and the vegetables to the people. But at that time the country had an economic crisis and the citizens had no cash therefore he exchanged the vegetables for sheep and goats. He said, “By 1990 the people who were able to manage something, managed some kind of business and the life of those who weren’t able to do something became tough.” In 1998 they had quite a lot of livestock and they wanted to further increase the number but beginning from that year, for three years running there had been zud and the majority of the livestock were lost. Further, some of his children went to the city to serve in the military and some had to study therefore they came and settled in Ulaanbaatar and the livestock they had left were tended by their relatives who lived near the city.
He said, “The present day people’s work attitude has changed greatly compared to the people of the socialist period. At that time people did the work diligently and the present day young people are quite different and they have an aloof attitude. The cadres’ policy has been lost. “