Interviewee ID: 990070
Parent's name: Övgön
Year of Birth: 1953
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Adaatsag sum, Dundgovi aimag
Lives in: Nalaih sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: cook
Father's profession: accountant / negdel darga
To read a full interview with Nanjid please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081214A with Nanjid by Ariun-Undrah
Nanjid was born in Adaatsag sum, Dundgobi aimag, on 22 October 1953. In 1960, at the age of seven she started education in a newly built school in her native sum. However, she finished the eighth grade in another secondary school in Erdendalai sum of the same aimag. She entered a newly established Agricultural College in Dundgobi and finished in 1971 as a veterinary. After working for two years in Gobi Ugtaal sum, she returned to Adaatsag to work as a veterinary in a collective farm. Afterwards she worked as a doctor in a pharmacy.
When she was a child, Nanjid’s father was the director of the local collective farm ‘Am’dralyn tug’ (Life’s banner) in Adaatsag. Her mother was a cook in a kindergarten. Due to her father’s position, Nanjid had a better living condition compared to other children. As she was too young at that time, Nanjid says that she did not know much about the collectivisation, though learned about it when she grew older. Nanjid tells in detail about her job and the collective farm. ‘The collective farm, which was like a big family, was involved in all what was happening in the sum. The production of meat and wool, their quantity and so on were all decided and carried out by the collective farm. Everything was planned and done according to plan. If the collective farm performed badly in competitions, everything in the sum was also delayed. The collective farm had everything’, she recalls. Nanjid started her career as a veterinary and carried on doing this job long after the collective farm was disbanded.
Summary of Interview 081214B with Nanjid by Ariun-Undrah
The collectivisation movement, which was one of the greatest events in the 20th century Mongolia, inevitably affected Nanjid’s life. The ‘Amdralyn tug’ (Life’s banner) collective farm had three brigades, and each brigade consisted of four groups. Each brigade was allocated one third of the sum’s territory. The administration of the collective farm consisted of director, an aid to the director, members of the council, and an accountant. Other positions included: workers, heads of the brigades, a livestock counter, veterinaries, heads of the groups, and herders. The collective farm also ran a hotel and a dining hall. Each brigade was allocated a doctor. The doctors checked herders by visiting them. In emergency cases patients were sent by ambulance to the sum hospital or referred to the aimag hospitals. Both the brigade doctors and veterinaries used the same mode of transport – horses and motorbikes. Various activities, such as the building of fences, the combing of goats, the cutting of sheep wool, and so on were done collectively and according to plan. Nanjid worked as a veterinary during the whole socialist period.