Sühbaatar


Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990083
Name: Sühbaatar
Parent's name: Banzragch
Ovog: Borjigon
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1942
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: retired

Additional Information
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Belief: none
Born in: Bayangol sum, Selenge aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Sühbaatar please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090104A with Sühbaatar by Baasanhüü


Sühbaatar was born in 1942 in Bayangol sum of Selenge aimag. Her family moved to Zuunharaa (a stop on the railway) so she could go to school when she was 8 years old. She mentioned that learning materials were scarce, facilities were poor, and the material base for training was insufficient. Children who learned well were enrolled as Pioneers early, and all pupils became Pioneers starting in the 4th grade. And they were enrolled as “members of the Revolutionary Youth League” after graduating to higher grades. When she was a schoolgirl, every pupil collected 5 tögrögs as a donation for “Pioneer’s House” that was building in Ulaanbaatar city regardless rural or urban.


Her father was a railway worker, therefore her family moved again to Zamiin-Uud following her father’s work after she finished the seventh grade. Eventually, she worked for the railway and married someone from there, then settled down in Ulaanbaatar in 1963. Arriving in the capital city, she made a living as a worker for the mental hospital [the Mongolian suggests something closer to 'insane asylum'] at that time (currently National Centre for Mental Disorder) and was admitted to nursing school after working for over a year. Then she returned to her hospital and worked for about 30 years and retired.


Summary of Interview 090104B with Sühbaatar by Baasanhüü


Sühbaatar worked with people with mental disorders i.e. in special tough conditions for her entire life. After the arrival of democracy, women who “had 5 children and worked for 27 years” were retired even though they had not reached retirement age. Sühbaatar was one of them and along with her 20 people were “dismissed” and forced to retired from same work place. That there were about 20 women who had and raised 5 or more children and worked for 27 years for the State in the same place reveals how women lived and worked in socialist society.


“Since 1990 the 'alcohol treatment unit' reopened in the mental hospital and has been treating alcohol addicts” she said. This reflects the emergence of an army of the unemployed, and the crisis of social psychology insofar the society was changed. Also she assumes that “mental health cases have increased in recent years relative to the socialist period.”