Interviewee ID: 990088
Parent's name: Baldan
Year of Birth: 1948
Notes on education: büren dund
Born in: Sühbaatar sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Büjee please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090109A with Büjee by Baasanhüü
Büjee was born in 1948 in herdsman’s family in Darhanhaan sum of Sühbaatar aimag. She began her career as Library Director in Sühbaatar sum of Sühbaatar aimag. In addition to people being interested in reading book during socialist period, the government paid a lot of attention to this sector. For example, at least 5 copies of new books were put in the library and the librarian promoted the new books.
Büjee worked as director of the library from when she 16 to 19 years old. She became a food accountant in the aimag center since she married when she was 19. At that time teenagers who completed the 7th grade started work because personnel were scarce. They also participated in community works such as harvesting, helping herders, attending lectures, building fences, collecting shed horse-hair, in addition to their full-time jobs, although they received no extra salary.
When she was 18 years old, she first participated in the elections and gave a speech because she was the youngest voter. At that time, there were not several candidates in the election, and the election was just like legitimating a person who was appointed from above or circling only one person’s name on the ballot paper. “After counting, if there was somone who did not vote, that one was blamed as “an election spoiler” and they got him or her to vote. Then the election results were confirmed by counting the total votes after gathering 100% of the votes” she said.
One of interesting histories she told is that every citizen above 18 years old used to pay taxes for “not marrying” and “not having a baby” apart from many other types of taxes in the socialist period. Sühbaatar aimag is the birthplace of the commander, Süh, a hero of people’s revolution; therefore it was named after him. For the same reason, this aimag had an opportunity to receive new goods and development, and have its problems addressed first.
Summary of Interview 090109B with Büjee by Baasanhüü
Büjee’s grandfather was a herdsman called Jantsan Bor and disappeared suddenly during the big repressions [in the late 1930s] as he was watching his herds. After publication of a rehabilitation book 1996/97, it was known that he was executed as part of the 'Lhümbe Affair'. In that time, people did not talk openly about repression and the topic was forbidden. “According to what othger people said, some of the arrested escaped on the way, and then the soldiers captured whomever in order to replace them” she said. Maybe her grandfather who was a common herdsman was arrested for such a reason.
Her mother-in-law had noble parentage. In that time people of noblemen were humiliated and insulted as feudal, had their ranks abolished and property confiscated. Dorjzob, a ruler of Yostbeis hoshuu /province/ who was the grandfather of Büjee’s mother-in-law was arrested together with his son Baljindonoi and the rest people of his family had their property confiscated and expelled from society. Her mother-in-law was the eldest daughter of that family and she told Büjee that she was very anxious about raising and educating her younger brothers and sisters. By 1940/1950 or 10-20 years later, no one said anything about the big repression that took place in the late 1930s and their offspring were brought up and received their education without hearing about it.
In addition, she emphasized that the cultural campaign gave its benefits to Mongolians and rural herdsmen. “People learned to use a blanket, bedding, stove, chimney, sink, and towel as a result of the cultural campaign and the hygienic culture became habitual. The monitoring and evaluating by a special commission appointed by the administration made the cultural campaigns effective” she said.