Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990095
Name: Bandi
Parent's name: Tsedenjamts
Ovog: Höh hua
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1927
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: goatherd/herder / retired

Additional Information
Education: elementary
Notes on education:
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Hanbald sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Manlai sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Bandi please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 080817A with Bandi by Oyuntungalag

Bandi was given to adoption as an infant. He grew up as the only child in a well-off herder family. Bandi did not go to school. From 1947 to 1950 he served in the army in Ulaanbaatar. After the army he worked in Manlai sum for two years first as a deputy to the darga of a bag and then as a propagandist. After that he moved to Hanbogd sum, where he became engaged in trade: he bought cattle in gobi and resold them in Ulaanbaatar. In 1959, he joined a collective farm to work as a goat herder. For his good work he was awarded the medal of the Hero Herder. He retired at the age of sixty-one. He says that he has about ten children.

In his interview Bandi tells about a variety of topics, including his adoptive parents, the cattle marked in Ulaanbaatar, the private business he was involved in the 1950s, the army, and so on. During the privatisation he was given livestock, including camels. The most amazing technology to him is the airplane.

He has a relaxed attitude towards death and sexuality. He confides, for example, that in his thirties he was a promiscuous man and slept with other men’s wives. He also says that ‘two or three of his children already died’ and that he will probably die soon, for he does not feel particularly well.

Summary of Interview 080817B with Bandi by Oyuntungalag

Bandi holds very negative views about democracy. Although democracy started ‘all right’ in Mongolia, he never supported it. Now he started thinking that democracy is not a worthwhile thing at all. He came to this conclusion based on the following facts: The economy is not doing well (the collective farms were disbanded, electrical wells were left unattended, factories closed), unemployment is widespread, the youth became uncontrollable, morality among people degraded, and people do whatever they like in the name of freedom. Although Bandi agrees that the human rights and pluralism of opinions are intrinsically good things, he says that he cannot see any point in having twenty political parties in a country where the population is less than three million. What these parties do is to fight with each other for power. The seventy-six members of parliament are incompetent and corrupt.

In contrast, in the socialist period not only people respected their parents and elders but law was ‘nicely’ tough. There was order, stability, and only one party. Therefore Bandi supports the implementation of presidential rule in Mongolia.