Interviewee ID: 990098
Parent's name: Tserenpil
Year of Birth: 1939
Notes on education:
Born in: Hujirt sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tserendulam please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081220A with Tserendulam by Sarantsetseg
Ts.Tserendulam was born in 1939 in Hujirt sum of Övörhangai aimag. After completing the fourth grade she tended livestock until the age of twenty. Then she went to the Harhorin state farm and worked at the flour plant. But the work was hard, and she married a man who was a driver, and she delivered many children, so she quit her work in order to take better care of family life.
In the beginning of the interview she characterized the ordinary herders’ life of that time through her childhood memories. She briefly mentioned that during the repressions the people were afraid and they concealed their Buddhas and relics in the mountains and among the rocks and also she mentioned about the cultural campaign.
When announcing privatization they said the cattle would be given to the herders and the state farms and the industrial enterprises to the workers and it brought many errors, she thinks. But in recent years, progress could be observed, she added. She talked particularly about the collectivization movement. The leading herders of that time and the agitators organized a meeting and they got over ten ails join the collective. In this way the collectivization movement began and she also told how it expanded its reach and what role the agitators (propagandists) played in it. She talked about the collective members’ life and work. She talked about the schoolchildren’s items when she studied at the elementary school and about the school conditions. She mentioned about working at the flour plant. At that time there were sufficient employment and it was easy to get employed though there was a lot of pressure at work. But nowadays, she said, there are complicated problems of needing to have contacts to get a job, and there is an age limit. At the end of the interview she briefly mentioned about the changes of the women and the family life, what activities were carried out by the women’s council and the difference between the city and the countryside.
Summary of Interview 081220B with Tserendulam by Sarantsetseg
In the start of the interview she talked about her private life and she compared the city and the countryside life. She mentioned that the Harhorin flour plant was established with the assistance of Hungary and it produced flour and livestock feed and it produced them for the state farms. She also mentioned about the collective that worked there.
From the winter of 1989, life became tough but she survived it in an ordinary way, she thinks. Thanks to democracy we acquired freedom and religion flourished. Many such wonderful things happened but due to the wrong way privatization was carried out, much capital was destroyed and wasted, she thinks. Though she got privatization coupons, she didn’t receive any benefit from them, like the majority of the people.
At the end of the interview she briefly mentioned the people in authority authoritative of the socialist time, the non-governmental organizations, the development of techniques and technology and foreign relations. Also she mentioned about how the mining industry influences the nature and environment and the need for rehabilitation (of the repressed).
The Mongolians put lamb skin under the dead and put tea under the head and cover him with white cloth and leave him. She talked about this, and also mentioned that in the recent times there’s a tendency to cremate the corpse.