Interviewee ID: 990100
Parent's name: Yadam
Year of Birth: 1936
Notes on education:
Born in: Mönhhairhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: government official
To read a full interview with Dulamjav please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081221A with Dulamjav by Sarantsetseg
Ya. Dulamjav was born in Must sum of Hovd aimag. She had tended livestock until 1953 and then went to the aimag centre and worked there as a hospital nurse. When the Ulaanbaatar railway was recruiting workers, she went there to be registered and went to the city. She worked in Amgalan in the railway kindergarten with the Russian people. Then she attended the kindergarten teacher’s training course and was appointed to Zuun Haraa. She got married and in 1969 she started to work as cook in Töv aimag. In 1973 she went to Övörhangai to take care of her older brother and she had lived there for forty years. In the middle of the interview she talked mostly about her private life in Övörhangai.
In the beginning of the interview she told an interesting story of how the Osman Kazaks came to the Hovd border in 1949 and how the people of that land moved inwards. She also mentioned briefly that her grandfather and her uncle were good lamas and how her uncle was arrested. She talked particularly about the herders’ life prior to collectivization. After the disaster of the monkey-year [the 1944 zud] the people’s life deteriorated a lot. Slipping away from the official regulations tax, her mother followed her older son to the aimag centre and there she became literate by the studying with a group. And so a countryside girl became a hospital nurse in Hovd. She talked in detail about the hospitals of that time, particularly about the maternity department, about the difference of the sum and the aimag centre and the workers of that time.
At the end of the interview she mentioned that she loved democracy, and that one of her children has working for a long time as the darga of the democratic union of the aimag centre. She freely expressed her views on the present political parties. She also briefly talked about industrialization and education.
Summary of Interview 081221B with Dulamjav by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning of the interview she discussed the cultural campaign. Within the framework of the cultural campaign, hygiene was taught and there was a national venereal disease inspection that contributed to improving the sanitary conditions. It also played a great role in making people literate.
Privatization was carried out in haste without any planning therefore there had been some errors. The Övörhangai garment factory was divided into the workshops and the technology and the machinery were distributed to the people. She mentioned as an example that the vouchers of the countryside people were purchased cheaply (by others). She talked about the changes in the men and women’s situation and the family. She criticized the situation where the women got educated and the men didn’t make an effort and they had the tendency to drink alcohol.
She briefly talked about the Chinese being expelled from Mongolia in 1970. She worked with the Russians in Bayan Chandmani. She talked about the changes in the nature and the environment of Övörhangai aimag, and about the development of techniques and technology in Mongolia. She went to Leningrad at her son’s invitation, who studied there. Her father-in-law had been working in the military and was arrested as a Japanese spy.
At the end of the interview she mentioned how she buried her older and younger brothers. And when she was small the children never participated in the adults’ conversation whereas the children of today talk with them on equal level. She compared the children’s upbringing of today with her own childhood.