Interviewee ID: 990115
Parent's name: Tseden
Year of Birth: 1929
Occupations: midwife, assistant doctor
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Delgerhangai sum, Dundgovi aimag
Lives in: Nalaih sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tseren please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090117A with Tseren by Ariun-Undrah
Tseren Tsedenjav was born in a place called Toliin Bulag in Delgerhangai sum in Dundgobi aimag in 1929. She received her early upbringing and education from her parents and grazed cattle until 1952. Her parents prevented her from going to school because they did not want their only girl to go there. However Tseren herself was eager to go to school and learned the alphabet independently with her parents’ help. A literacy examination was conducted; she passed that exam and became a literacy teacher for the sum. A ger was prepared for her to teach and over 40 people including old and young who rode horses and camels and from every corner of the sum gathered there in order to learn the alphabet.
While working as literacy teacher, she married Haidav and moved to Ulaanbaatar in order to study in the midwifery course. They settled in Ulaanbaatar because her husband became a student at the Medical University. After completing a three-month midwifery course, Tseren worked for Clinic Hospital I as a midwife. Her picture with the caption that she delivered 3022 babies stood in Sühbaatar Square for several days when she worked as a midwife. During that time Yumjaagyn Tsedenbal, prime minister and general secretary of Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party met with leading workers and organized a formal reception in Ih Tengeryn Valley on March 8 (International Women’s Day) annually. Tseren attended such a reception and met with Tsedenbal.
Besides being a midwife, she participated in many other public activities as chairperson of a trade union cell, of the women’s committee, and as a member of the Red Cross. Her husband graduated from university in 1960 and was appointed to work in Dundgobi aimag, so they moved there. She worked there as midwife and enrolled in the midwifery and nursing class at the Medical Institute in 1963 and graduated in 1967. Then her family moved to Nalaih because she had to work there as midwife for the emergency unit. Meanwhile she continued her previous career such as chairwoman of Women’s Committee and of the Red Cross as well. After a while, she completed a three-month course at the Party Institute in 1968. Then she started working as a supervisor who was responsible for women’s issues at the party commission. In this way, she did work related to the family and women by the party’s directive and retired. Tseren said proudly that she caused the Family Holiday to be celebrated widely under the guidance of chairwoman Udval.
Tseren saw the 1980 Moscow Olympic Game when she was working as chairwoman for women’s committee. And she took trips to Leningrad and Ulaan-Ude during that time.
Summary of Interview 090117B with Tseren by Ariun-Undrah
Delgerhangai is a sum adjacent Ömnögobi aimag. Tseren’s parents were ordinary herders and they had many sheep and camels. Her family gave 80 camels to the collective when the collective was first founded.
Tseren used to promote the cultural campaign in all the rural aimags as she worked for the women’s organization. Besides requiring every single household be clean and tidy, the cultural campaign required people to be advanced, educated, and have good communication skills. Zavhan and Hövsgöl, among all the aimags Tseren visited, were exemplar places that were highly cultured.
Tseren became a Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party member in 1954. To enroll in the party, one had to work as a candidate member for a year, fulfill every directive ordered, subscribe to and read journals, books, and newspapers continually, and participate actively in party or public works, and then became an actual member.
Tseren had and raised 6 children and all of her children had free a education and graduated from universities during the socialist period. It was a benefit from the colorful side of socialism in which the state was concerned seriously about education and health, consequently, all school, kindergarten, and hospitals at every level were free.