Interviewee ID: 990118
Parent's name: Anonymous
Year of Birth: 1947
Education: some elementary
Notes on education: 4 years
Born in: Dalangadzad sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Dalangadzad sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Anonymous please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090208A with Anonymous by Khishigsüren
The story Anonymous has told is a story of the parents and children and grandchildren separated at the end of 1940s at the Chinese and Mongolian border. Their separate lives continued until 1990 when they met again. It’s a story of live, virtual and amazing fate.
She was born in 1947 in Dalanzadgad sum of Ömnögovi aimag. During the revolutionary outburst of 1920-1930 her grandparents were persuaded and forced by some noyons of the province to move and settle in the present-day Chinese territory. Anonymous’s parents went there in their childhood and they were raised in the land of Inner Mongolia until they reached adulthood and got married there. The Mongolian ‘ails’ have conducted a nomadic way of life together with their livestock for twenty years in the unknown country’s territory without belonging to any country. The political situation escalated in China and the Mongolian ‘ails’ living there started to move back to Mongolia, but her grandparents decided to remain there for they couldn’t cope with the long distance move. But her parents, a young family together with other ten ‘ails’ secretly moved to Outer Mongolia with all their belongings. Anonymous’s five-year old sister was left there to assist her grandparents. In their haste to leave, her mother, who had been plaiting her hair didn’t manage to plait the other side of her daughter’s hair. She grabbed her mother’s wooden milk bucket in her memory, she recalled. Her parents travelled for many days and nights. During the day they made a circle with the camels, staying concealed inside the circle. In this way they reached Dalanzadgad and have settled there. Anonymous was in her mother’s womb then and she is the child born in Mongolia.
She wrote letters to her older sister in Inner Mongolia, and her older sister learned Cyrillic in the pasture to read her sister’s letter. Anonymous learnt Uigarjin script to read her older sister’s letters. Their letters had been censored by the Ministry of Public Security and she always received opened letters. In the middle of the 1980s by the negotiation of two countries the relatives who resided in the two countries had the opportunity to meet each other. She recalled how her older sister came to Ömnögovi with her family, what she had been through to come by plane, how she prepared for the meeting with her sister, keeping it secret from her husband. After 1990 she got a lift by a car to go to China by the southern border. After a long search she found her sister’s ger and she talked about the difference of the life here and there. She observed the different customs of the people there.
She spoke of the various things organized during the cultural campaign, how she used to cover a long and hard distance walking in the winter cold to attend the public dance party in the aimag center, how she used to get dressed up for the dance.
She also spoke of the man she had married and the work she had been doing.
Summary of Interview 090208B with Anonymous by Khishigsüren
In the second part of her interview Anonymous told about the people of the socialist period, how they worked like they were born to work, they worked sincerely and ceaselessly for many hours. Along with doing much work the people of that time raised their children and managed their work and life issues. It is a common and widespread image of the people of that time.
She spoke of her thoughts on democracy, its good and bad sides, the changes that happened in society, how the privatization process had been carried out and what she got out of it. She recalled how her husband first met his wife and how they got married, how he spent his childhood, what school he attended and what kind of work he did, how he managed the life. Anonymous’s husband talked a little about the history of the heroic Tüvdengiin Bor.
While visiting her aunt in Inner Mongolia they had observed that their herders knew more of the Mongolian customs than the Mongolians living here and they differed much from them. She spoke of the Tsagaan Sar ceremonies they had there and how she was surprised at some things and sometimes she had seen funny things there.
Many negative changes are observed in the nature and many mines are being opened in Ömnögovi aimag which is good from the one side, and from the other side it has negative consequences, she said.
Anonymous has an amazing memory, she has a keen eye, she is wise and industrious, she has learned to struggle for the sake of life, she has been through hardships since her birth, she has an orderly way of talking and she is a wonderful mother and a woman. It all could be seen from her interview and you feel proud of her.