Interviewee ID: 990144
Parent's name: Tsedendagva
Year of Birth: 1947
Occupations: MUIS Philosophy department head
Notes on education: PhD
Born in: Hairhanduulan sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Gombosüren please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090309A with Gombosüren by Otgonbayar
Ts .Gombosüren guai was born in 1947 and at that time the population registration wasn’t so good. His father resided in the monastery of Uyanga sum of Övörhangai aimag and then he became lay and got married. At that time many lamas, fearing repression, got married and became secular. There are eight children in the family but Gombosüren guai together with his older brother sought education and schooling, and the rest stayed with the cattle in the countryside.
In the dormitory [of the school] the children were kind of hungry and they assisted the cooks to get some pancakes and cookies from them. The cooks also gave them the surplus food.
In 1966 when he became a student, the first building of the MNU was put into use and the students had the opportunity to study in the classrooms and read books, leaving the rooms vacant. The classes began at 9 in the morning and the duration of a lesson was 110 minutes. They finished at about 5 pm and then they had cultural schooling like aesthetics and morals classes. Once a month they had a general lecture, and on Saturdays 30 minutes before the classes there were political discussions.
The lectures of Tömör-Ochir were prohibited at that time and almost no one could find and read them.
In 1971 he defended his diploma work on formal logics and started to teach at the MNU. Due to a lack of teachers he taught the students even mathematical logic. Gombosüren guai entered the Moscow Social Science Academy through the Central party channel in 1977. He studied there for three years and defended his doctoral degree. If the capitalist philosophy wasn’t criticized as atrocious, it wasn’t published in the press and wasn't talked about then. When writing a book, the theory which didn’t fit Marx and Engels's template had to be said to be wrong. Later from 1989-1990 this became milder.
Gombosüren guai has published four books from 1990 and now he is doing research to author a work on issues of life philosophy. There are still people who can’t get rid of the Marxist ideology and who create their work and criticize from that point of view. “In fact, we have to read many things in order to philosophize. Sometimes we don’t read books and don’t get introduced to this philosophy and what we write we proclaim it a philosophy,” said Gombosüren guai.
We Mongolians have an extremist tendency either to slander someone until the grave or praise them and make a cult and idolize him.
Summary of Interview 090309B with Gombosüren by Otgonbayar
Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party. Talking about this he said that as a result of the influence of the reform in the Soviet Union articles and programs started to appear that criticized the activity of the then Party and the state and it had an impact on the minds of the people. We used to talk about the favor of the party and the state. Originally, the party had the state power therefore I consider it was truly the favor of the people. There were many things to be criticized then, like the party grabbed the administrative work and executed it and then it evaluated it as well. It was too involved in the citizens’ private life.
In 1980 the Soviet Union started the reform officially, and in 1987 Batmönh darga said that reform was our goal as well. This word has started to be quoted and talked about a lot. The main aim of the reform was to renew the party. In 1990 during the democratic revolution he worked with much stress and burden. At that time Gombosüren bagsh worked giving more attention to the renewal of the party regulations. He was one of the fifteen scientists-reformers of the MPRP and they have incorporated together unofficially and Zardihan guai was the leader. They used to meet at the Social Science Institute and they worked not in the form of opposing their party but they worked having told the party their purpose officially.
In order to renew the party, in 1991 they formed a wing of 'traditional renewal.' The party members took their wing in with an attitude of ‘why don’t you quit the party?’ Also, on the party regulations issue, an idea of making a philosophy, but in particular materialist dialectics, party policy dominated. Therefore, the central idea of Buddhism was offered instead of materialist dialectics. They collectively wrote and published the article with the implication of the necessity of a comprehensive reform of Ünen newspaper. These articles about renewal had been published promptly by Tudev guai, the editor of Ünen. There was an idea to rename the MPRP the Mongolian National Democratic Party but the MNDP had been established separately and later it was united with the Social Democratic Party forming the present Democratic Party. Gombosüren bagsh was a member of the MNDP therefore automatically he became the Democratic Party member and in 1996 he was appointed the director of the Management Academy.