Interviewee ID: 990145
Parent's name: Shatar
Year of Birth: 1929
Occupations: retired / accountant
Notes on education:
Born in: Darvi sum, Govi-Altai aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tseren please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090310A with Tseren by Otgonbayar
Tseren guai was born in 1929 in Darvi soum of Gobi-Altai aimag. He was raised by his parents. He tended cattle and from the age of ten he moved to Tonhil sum to attend school. He entered the trading vocational school in Ulaanbaatar in 1943 and he went to the city. It took him a month to reach the city. The children lived at the school and in the evenings they had voluntary unofficial fighting classes. They spent their time fighting with each other.
After completing school he was directly appointed to the countryside to work. At that time there was a very strict law called the fifth decree. It limited the chaotic misappropriation that prevailed in the trading sector.
Music, song and dance had a great future therefore he decided to establish an ensemble. He first established the Altai ensemble. Also, he established in each sum a club, a cinema, a hotel, and a cafeteria and the citizens of other aimags used to visit Altai annually to study the experience.
Through the cultural campaign much attention was paid to making people clean and neat and educated. The inspection people had certificates approved by the aimag and they examined the ‘ails’.
The herders were prohibited from making felt and distilling vodka and the brown felt provided by the collective wasn’t sufficient for the herders’ use. The cultural campaign was directed and coordinated, controlled and audited by the party and the League organizations and the women’s organizations supported and assisted and managed the people.
In 1981 a Qualification Enhancement Institute for the main office workers of the educational sector was established and Tseren guai started to work there.
In the socialist time criticism was open indeed but nowadays there’s almost no criticism.
Initially, the food factory has acquired a cafeteria, and the raw bricks were laid manually in the brick plant and later a brick-firing plant was established. There was a large budget for transporting wood from Zavhan therefore a wood plant was established and it started to operate.
It was tough when the collectives started to form and agitations were organized a lot. Though there were shortages of the collective wool, meat and cattle and the people were fined, they were exempted from it. When the imprisoned people were released, the aimag and the sum police, prosecutor and the sum dargas provided them with the ger and goods and they gave them a job to do.
Summary of Interview 090310B with Tseren by Otgonbayar
People at that time had a sincere work attitude. Tseren guai has been collecting the signatures of the people required for the Stockholm appeal for the acknowledgement of the MPR.
All the people took part in the elections and there was a one party system then therefore if the candidate’s name was chosen properly, the people didn’t protest and the elections were just. Almost two years prior to the elections the candidature’s names were deliberated by the aimags, sums and the collectives and then they were sent to the Party Central Committee. The Central Committee gave the number of deputy candidatures to the aimags.
There was a very strict and firm policy on marriage and divorce was prohibited and orphan the children and propaganda was carried out on this matter. In case such a thing happened, the person was discussed at many meetings like a family meeting, friends’ meeting and the Party and League meetings and he was made to talk himself.
The dargas of that time adhered to very strict regulations about work but during leisure time they were very friendly and they had close relations with the workers. The people used to play volleyball a great deal and they rarely consumed alcohol and wine.
In the leading positions besides knowledge and skill, communication with people, one’s behavior and the ability to be an example to the others were very important. The things the dargas used to consume didn’t much differ from the ordinary people but their children started to use better, new and extraordinary things.
Tseren guai writes a diary and he had his children and his workers write diaries. He still has his diary notebooks. He writes in Uigarjin Mongolian script [the old vertical script]. He praised the Mongolian script for its advantage of not giving the chance to miss a word or a letter when noting down a lecture or a conversation [because it is easy to write very quickly].
He has the written documentation of the work done for the ten years of 1970-1980, the people he has met and the notes of the meetings. It is valuable information with the facts and numbers of that time. He tried to publish a book with the help of his diaries but then gave up on the idea. He acknowledged the possibility of giving them to the state or the aimag archives.
He let us know many interesting facts of that time from his own ‘archives’ and let us sense the benefit and the marvel of writing a diary.