Interviewee ID: 990150
Parent's name: Dorj
Year of Birth: 1950
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Ölziit sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Guvaachaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090312A with Guvaachaa by Erdenetuya
Garvaachaa guai was born in Ölziit sum of Övörhangai aimag. In 1961 he studied at elementary school and he finished tenth grade. At that time it was rare for a child to have completed the tenth grade therefore he was sent to a typist course by the Council of Ministers. Then he was appointed the secretary of the aimag party committee.
At that time the state officials had no right to own private livestock so he registered his livestock in a different person’s name and he used to sell them secretly.
Through privatization he acquired some livestock and he has raised them well. He expressed his regret that the present day children like to have ready-made things, they are lazy and don’t think things over, and they don’t read books. The people of that time were under a totalitarian regime and they never opposed it. For some time, it was prohibited to celebrate Tsagaan Sar. Besides having lectures and hearings and meetings, the League circles were organized. The people were often mobilized for spring and autumn work, and the little children were been raised by the blessings of the people.
There was no comprehension of privately selling dairy products. They were all distributed for the sum consumption through the collectives. The people of that time weren’t able to have meal at break hours for it was prohibited to eat in the offices and the cafeterias and the canteens were rare.
From the one hand, everything was compulsory in the socialist time and it was done according to calculation and planning, Garvaachaa guai said. With the coming of democracy the people ceased thinking about the others and they started to be selfish. Maternal and young children mortality was related with the shortage of the hospitals, the deficiency of work skills and technology. But it was comparatively low. Due to a lack of information during privatization the people suffered great loss, not knowing how to use their share. The livestock were divided among the collective members.
Under the pretext of foreign trade having shut down and the bankruptcy of the factories, they were sold cheaply and consequently shut down which was the biggest mistake of privatization. Taking the opportunity of democracy, the people have destroyed everything that had been developed.