Interviewee ID: 990153
Parent's name: Luvsan
Year of Birth: 1932
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Tsagaanhairhan sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Chingeltei sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Lhagvaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090211A with Lhagvaa by Sarantsetseg
L. Lhagva was born in 1932 in Tsagaanhairhan sum of Zavhan aimag. He became orphaned in his childhood, and after he completed the seventh grade he went to Ulaanbaatar in 1948 to attend the industrial vocational school. He graduated from the school in 1951 and worked for two years in the Nalaih-Ulaanbaatar coal transport narrow railway. From 1953 he was employed at the Police General Department as a policeman and auto investigator, technical investigator, and division head. Then he retired in 1983.
In the beginning of the interview he talked about his mother’s older brother who lived in the Duut monastery of Tsagaanhairhan and was arrested. “He was arrested in the 1930s and he used to be a logger in Terelj but his hands and his feet had seized up and he was cast outside in the street under the pretext of being released from prison. Then he came to Zavhan and his hands and feet were healed at the Otgontenger mineral resort within a year and then he passed away.” He then briefly talked about collectivization. And also he talked about the work he was doing at the Nalaih railway where they mined coal and provided the Number One power station with it and how the process of employment had changed. The Chinese who mostly worked at the construction sites were sent back in one night. He briefly mentioned the cultural campaigns.
During the interview he also talked about his school years, dormitory life, the relations between parents and children, the differences of the aimag and the sum centers of that time, Ulaanbaatar in the 1950s, industrialization, the changes of men’s and women’s conditions. There was a zud during the first five-year plan and many livestock died but still the herders had to pay livestock tax in the form of leather and skin and the raw animal products by the number of livestock that had been previously counted, before the zud. Those who lacked the material were arrested and it was a big burden for the herders. At the end of the interview he mentioned about the factories that had been split during privatization, even though they had operated normally. The agricultural industry was destroyed that’s why he thinks that the privatization was carried out in the wrong way. He talked in detail about the changes of nature and the environment in Zavhan.
Summary of Interview 090211B with Lhagvaa by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning of the interview he talked about working at the Traffic police and he briefly introduced his family members.
In the olden times we often used to get flour and rice from China but in the socialist period the majority of consumer goods were provided from Russia. The Russian stores worked according to a special identification card. When he was a small kid in the countryside, he lay on the road where the truck had just passed and smelled the petroleum and it was very interesting for him. From 1958, 1959 the small green airplanes AN-2 with 8, 12 passengers’ seats started to deliver post from the aimag centre to the sum centre. When he first came to Ulaanbaatar all the production and service were managed by the Chinese. The horse carts played the role of public transportation. In this way he talked of the differences of the city and the countryside.
At the end of the interview he concluded that though we have obtained freedom thanks to democracy and there are many positive sides to it, the privatization was conducted in the wrong way and it was a chief error. During the socialist period religion was prohibited but the people had the sutras read in secret. A few lamas resided in Gandan monastery. He briefly talked about the changes in the funeral rituals.