Interviewee ID: 990154
Parent's name: Sharav
Year of Birth: 1945
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: died
Father's profession: died
To read a full interview with Dagva please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090120A with Dagva by Sarantsetseg
Sh. Davga was born in 1945 in Manhan soum of Hovd aimag. He entered elementary school, and when he was in the third grade, he joined his mother in Ulaanbaatar and graduated secondary school there, and then studied in Russia. He worked as a teacher at the Zavhan vocational school, and as a director of the school affiliated to the Ministry of Forestry and Industry, and as a factory darga in the wood processing industrial complex. He retired and since 2000 he has established a private business and is its director.
At the beginning of the interview he mentioned that his mother went to Ulaanbaatar to work there and he was left with his granny. From the age of four or five he started pasturing the sheep, walking without gutal. He used to be beaten by the adults that he didn’t pasture the sheep well. At the age of eight he went to school. While at school he lived in the ail and got hungry and thirsty and he escaped from there. He talked in detail about the herders’ life at that time. Also, there used to be a big Tögrög monastery in Manhan sum. His granddad’s younger brother used to live there. He didn’t pass on the Buddhas and the relics to him, but he worshipped them in the mountain. He also mentioned that until 1952 each ail praised Marshall Choibalsan and his picture was put in the frame and they worshipped it.
Later in the interview he briefly mentioned about studying elementary school, about the subjects they studied, and the school implements. During the cultural campaign firstly, the household, the individual’s hygiene and the clothing were improved; secondly, everyone became literate and every child was involved in the school; and thirdly, clubs and red corners were operated in each sum settlement and cultural and educational works were organized between the young people. He talked in detail what kind of works they were and how they had been organized. He discussed collectivization, about the work and life of the collective members, the work places in the socialist period, the work attitude of the people, the work collective, about one of the first state-owned companies, the ‘Mon Sav’ packaging company and how it was established and how it went bankrupt.
At the end, in particular he mentioned about how the plan to industrialize Mongolia had been executed beginning from 1935, about the life and work of the factory workers, the relations between the dargas and the workers, also about the changes in the men and women’s situation. He particularly mentioned that the Mongolian women have always carried the great burden of life.
Summary of Interview 090120B with Dagva by Sarantsetseg
In the first part of the interview he talked in detail about education, covering topics such as the condition of elementary schools 1950s, teaching, vocational schools, and state policy in the educational sector. He also talked about the changes in the religion of Mongolia and he also shared his opinion on other religious denominations.
In the 1990s the nation should have preserved its authority in the main industrial sectors and gradually privatized them. But it was wrong to split it all up without doing so and instead privatize by the privatization coupons. The majority of the people were unaware about the privatization coupons and a few people collected them and privatized the factory equipment and the construction sites. Those people who gave away the vouchers were left without any benefit. The workers who worked in the factories and the intelligentsia with secondary education were left empty handed. He talked about the privatization issue in detail and he said that the land privatization is also being conducted in the wrong way. He briefly mentioned about the non-governmental organizations, the democracy, the new techniques and technologies of the socialist era, and foreign relations. He talked about the situation at the end of the 1950s. Unitl the end of the 1950s the most of the trading organizations in Ulaanbaatar were under the authority of the Chinese. Beginning from 1962 with the flourishing of the red revolution in China, the relations between Mongolia and China began to deteriorate, and in 1966 the majority of the Chinese were forced to leave Mongolia.
At the end of the interview he talked about the state’s family policy. In the socialist period those who reached 18 and weren’t married had to pay tax. Incentives were given to those who delivered many children. He also talked about Ulaanbaatar city development, and funeral rituals.