Interviewee ID: 990158
Parent's name: Pagam
Ovog: not sure
Year of Birth: 1946
Occupations: construction company engineer
Notes on education:
Belief: Buddhist / not really religious
Born in: Altai sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Davaajav please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090121A with Davaajav by Sarantsetseg
P. Davaajav was born in Altai sum of Hovd aimag. He doesn’t know the date of his birth. He heard from his mother that he was born in the year of the fire dog . He thinks that the MPRP policy not only led the country along the path of development but it also had a deep impact on an individual’s life. In the beginning of the interview he mentioned the poor life he led with his mother and his younger brother. The brigade darga required him to go school and it changed his life. Before going to the elementary school he was taught by the neighboring older girl to count to 1000. He was also taught add and extract numbers up to 500 by heart and also learned by heart the national anthem and the 5 or 6 songs. He was given a gift from Santa Claus [literally: Old Man Winter] for studying well in a short time. He talked in detail about studying in elementary school and dormitory life.
Collectivization began when he was in the fourth grade and his mother was left with 75 head of livestock. The rest of the livestock were collectivized and she tended 500 goats. He talked about the death of his grandmother and how he grieved and he even stayed overnight in the field feeling lonely. He also talked about tending the collective cattle. He tended livestock for a year and then he escaped from home to go to the sum school. The people of his nutag didn’t support the collectivization movement and much propaganda work had to be done in order to get people to join the collective. The press and the newspapers of that time propagandized about the herders who achieved success and the collectives that had acquired a lot of capital and strengthened their capacity. In the later days the collectives expanded and along with raising livestock they developed an auxiliary enterprise raising pigs. He summed up collectivization by saying that it was the preliminary condition of the cultural campaigns. He mentioned that the Soviet specialists worked in all the sectors of the national economy of Mongolia as advisors. The physicians, teachers, and the intelligentsia of the party, revolutionary youth league and the trade union played a great role in the Cultural Revolution.
At the end of the interview he talked about repression and belief. He thinks that at the beginning of the repressions the Mongolians themselves did the repressing, and starting during the middle of it, they accepted the Soviet instructions. The people who didn’t approve of the MPRP policy were repressed. There had been bad and good people among them. Even the state leaders and the ordinary people were among the repressed.
Summary of Interview 090121B with Davaajav by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning of the interview he talked in detail about privatization. The livestock were privatized but the veterinarian hospitals were not privatized. The apartments were privatized but the engineering lines and the infrastructure weren’t privatized and it was a source of conflict. The privatization of the collectives and the state farms led to destruction of the livestock and agriculture. All the factories were privatized in haste within one, two years and they were given into the hands of non-professionals and consequently the factories went bankrupt. Some had purchased the pink and blue vouchers in great numbers on the market and a few officials purchased the factories. From all this we can consider that the privatization in Mongolia wasn’t carried out in the right way in its authentic sense.
Later, he talked about his life. He completed the seventh grade in 1963 and went to Ulaanbaatar teacher’s school to study. For the student autumn work he went to Yeröö state farm in Selenge aimag. He couldn’t understand the dialect of the Buryats who worked there and it was tough. In summer time he worked on construction sites. After graduation he dedicated his life to teaching the countryside people to read and write and he strove for one year and he had been an example to the countryside people. He served in the army and after demobilization he went to the Soviet Union to study in the military school. He had had a dream since his childhood to become a pilot. He took an exam for pilot school but he was short and he failed the math exam. Therefore he chose the military construction institute and he remembers well the moments when he was seen off from the Ulaanbaatar central railway with the military band playing. It was one of the memorable moments in his life. He studied for five years in the Soviet Union and he worked later in the Construction military service and he took part in constructing many state farms and military construction sites. Then he retired.
At the end of the interview he talked about the attitude of the people of the socialist period towards work and he compared it to the present situation. He talked about how tough it is today to get employed and he mentioned the present Mongolian economic situation, about the post-communist life of men and women, the family life during socialism, the relations between the dargas and the workers and techniques and technology.