Interviewee ID: 990163
Parent's name: Jambal
Year of Birth: 1937
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Sereeter please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090319A with Sereeter by Sarantsetseg
J. Sereeter was born in 1937 in Manhan sum of Hovd. He quit school from the seventh grade and became a negdel member. He assisted in the negdel’s work going haymaking and making fodder. He then was an assistant worker in a factory and in 1957 at the age of 20 he went to serve the army. After demobilization he worked at the Nalaih mine and the Hovd construction unit. In 1962 he went to Ulaanbaatar. He worked as a storekeeper of the vehicles spare parts in the city and from 1976 he had worked in the tourism sector /in Ömnögovi, Terelj, Hovd/ and retired in 1992.
In the beginning of the interview he briefly mentioned about his childhood and the time when he attended school. He talked about his life. The collectivization movement began in 1953 and after collectivization the collective’s members’ life improved. He mentioned it was a wrong thing to privatize the collectives and the state farms. He talked in detail about the process of becoming a collective member and about the life and work of the collective members.
He also talked about working with foreign tourists beginning from 1976. He used to hunt argali, deer in Altai and argali, wild goat, Mongolian antelope, deer and boar in Ömnögovi with the foreign hunters. At that time the male wild sheep hunting cost 25000$, deer – 2000$, the wild goat – 15000$. He also mentioned briefly about the people in authority during the socialist period, belief and repressions. He also mentioned about the cultural campaigns and privatization. He concluded that the ‘ails’ who lived in the apartments privatized their apartments and the collective members got their cattle and the rest were left empty handed.
At the end of the interview he briefly talked about women, the work-life of the socialist era people, the attitude towards work and industrialization. He mentioned about visiting Russia, the Democratic Republic of Korea, Turkey and China. He mentioned that the Democratic Korea had good discipline and the people showed great respect. Also, in the socialist period we didn’t import consumer goods from places other than Russia. He mentioned about Filatova [Tsedenbal’s Russian wife] being accused of ‘importing things from abroad without approval’ when she brought some beds for the Ulaanbaatar hotel from Finland.
Summary of Interview 090319B with Sereeter by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning he began to share his memories about his childhood. He had tended sheep from the age of 3 or 4 together with his sister. He obeyed his parents. He remembers coming to the city for the military service. At that time the buildings were rare and one building took about ten years to build. The ‘40 thousand‘ was built by the Chinese and the ‘50 thousand’ was built by the Russians.
He doesn’t support the democratic movement. He is a member of the revolutionary party and he thinks that democracy didn’t have a positive impact on his own life. If men used to be the main authority in the household, these days it is women who are mostly in charge. He thinks unemployment has occurred [as a result of democratization]. Until 1990 our nation didn’t trade with any other country except Russia. From 1960s the so-called ‘Mother land 52’ radio had been spread and then we had the so-called ‘VEK 6’ radio. At the age of 7 or 8 he saw a truck ‘ZIS-5’. Then he saw ‘BULU’, ‘ZIS-150’ trucks. In the beginning there were few families with a television. People gathered at one’s place to watch TV. In this way he talked about the development of techniques and technology in the socialist time.
At the end he talked about drought in Mongolia and the grass and plants becoming rare. He mentioned about going with the tourists to Hovd and Hövsgöl mountains. He talked about the family life and the changes in the funeral rituals.