Interviewee ID: 990164
Parent's name: Sharavdorj
Year of Birth: 1941
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Erdenemandal sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Sumiya please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090320A with Sumiya by Sarantsetseg
Sh. Sumiya was born in 1946 in Erdenemandal soum of Arhangai aimag. In the beginning he tells his own life story. He mentioned a funny story of going to elementary school. He briefly talked about the schoolchildren’s and the dormitory situation. After becoming a teacher he taught in Tsahir sum of Arhahgai aimag, in the state farm of Tüvshrüüleh, Hairhan sum and Erdenemandal sum. Then in 1989 he came to Ulaanbaatar and he worked at the special school at Yarmag, Han-Uul district until he retired.
The older brother of his father, named Ayurzana lama, was arrested and he was sentenced to ten years. After having served the sentence he came and said, “Every evening 10-20 men were called from among the 200-300 people and they were killed. I was one of the remaining dozen of men. The remaining convicts were made to work.” Coming home after being arrested he used to read sutras to the people of his nutag in the evening hours and he gave medication. Also, he mentioned briefly about the cultural campaign process, thanks to which the countryside people’s household culture had been improved and it had become no worse than that of the city-dwellers. During the collectivization movement his father became a collective member. The propaganda said, “It is profitable to join the collective, you’ll get a salary and the grass and the hay will be provided from the collective”. He discussed the life and work of a member of a collective.
The people under socialism were faithful in work. The people who graduated from an instituted were directly appointed to a job. He was working as an elementary school teacher and the salary was sufficient. He talked about the education system and the children’s upbringing. The children of that time were obedient and they carried out the given assignments well, and they were very interested in reading books.
During the privatization process he had been working as a supervisor. Those who were aware of the privatization got more and the majority of the ordinary people of the settlements scattered their coupons and didn’t get any profit. But the herders got their share through the livestock privatization. At the end he talked about authority, belief and industrialization.
Summary of Interview 090320B with Sumiya by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning she told about her childhood and the life of the herders. She didn’t have an older brother therefore she helped her father in taming foals, riding horses and pasturing horses and helping milk the mares. That time children were obedient and they never disregarded their parents’ words, and never said a word against an adult. The children used to walk barefoot; they warmed up their feet in the warm place where cows lay or they immersed their feet into the cow’s urine at the time they urinated.
When she first came to the city it seemed a big place. And looking back today it seemed it was not very developed then. She portrayed the city condition of that time. She used to watch curiously the Chinese women’s little feet. She often visited the Chinese cafeteria. Nowadays there are many tall buildings and the nation is developing rapidly. But she regrets that the river Tuul became waterless and the bushes have vanished.
When the democratic movement happened in Mongolia, her son participated in the hunger strike. The people who were involved in the hunger strike had been persecuted, and her son who had worked at the Geodesy and Cartography department was fired. She generally supports democracy and she considers it gave the opportunity to the freedom of speech.
At the end she briefly mentioned the foreign relations in the socialist period, the availability of consumer goods and nature and the environment. In the socialist period there were almost no divorces. The tax for not being married was taken from the single people who reached 18 years old. It was the policy to increase the population. Also, she briefly mentioned about the funeral rituals and technology.