Interviewee ID: 990166
Parent's name: Mashlai
Year of Birth: 1942
Occupations: Тарих дутуугийн группт
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Alimaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090322A with Alimaa by Sarantsetseg
There are three of them in the family. At the age of six she was left orphaned by her mother. After completing the fourth grade she worked as a milkmaid, and in 1961 she got married and came to the city. In the city she worked at the shoe artel No.3. Then she followed her husband to Darhan city and worked there as a tailor, and then a cook in Hovd, and a cook at Ulaanbaatar kindergarten No.79.
At the start of the interview she talked about her childhood. From her childhood she used to do things under the instructions of her father and her sister-in-law and she acquired a skillful hand that has had a great influence on her life. During the collectivization movement there were no cattle to collectivize, nevertheless she, together with her brother and his wife joined the collective, and in 1958 or 1959 she worked as a milkmaid. During the cultural campaign she was a teacher for [educational] groups, and she taught classes to the milkmaids. She feels that it is thanks to the cultural campaign that people got rid of dirt and various diseases.
She also briefly mentioned the cultural campaign process, about her private life, and work. She also talked about Ulaanbaatar, family life and education. Her husband was going to study at the Communist Party Institute but it was cancelled since his wife was not educated. She mentioned that in this way the family life, the children’s upbringing influenced the career of a person during socialism.
At the end of the interview she mentioned about the socialist period factories, their outputs, and about privatization. Her older brother and sister worked in the collective and they privatized a certain amount of livestock though they hadn’t given any livestock during collectivization. She didn’t get any benefit from privatization. She also mentioned about the work and life of people under socialism, their attitude towards work and belief.
Summary of Interview 090322B with Alimaa by Sarantsetseg
In the start of the interview she talked about her private life in the 1990s. Five years after the death of her husband, with whom she had lived for 33 years, she came to the city and now she is renting an apartment. She shared her thoughts about the democratic movement. At the beginning of the democratic movement she hoped people would live a pleasant life, but she considers she couldn’t see the effect of democracy. She mentioned about large numbers of people moving to the city because of lack of water and greenery in the countryside. She compared the life of the countryside herders and city life.
She talked about her childhood and the upbringing of today’s children. She also talked about the foreign relations in the socialist period, the development of techniques and technology, and about the changes in nature and the environment.
At the end she talked about the funeral rituals giving the example of her mother’s funeral. At that time white felt was put under the hip of the dead person and tea under his head, then he was covered with white cloth and stones put on the four ends of the cloth. In such a way he was buried and three days after his burial the corpse had usually disappeared. She also mentioned about the relations between the dargas and their workers. Her husband had been a darga of administrative organizations starting in 1966 until he passed away. She regrets that her husband dedicated his whole life to his faithful work and thought less about his private life.