Interviewee ID: 990187
Parent's name: Shirendev
Year of Birth: 1939
Occupations: retired, economist
Notes on education: economist
Born in: Nömrög sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tuulaihüü please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090323A with Tuulaihüü by Sarantsetseg
Sh. Tuulaihüü was born in 1939 in Nömrög sum of Zavhan aimag. Having graduated secondary school in Zavhan aimag, she then studied in the finance vocational school in Ulaanbaatar and completed it in 1959. She worked as a bookkeeper in the Zuunharaa state farm in Selenge aimag, the deputy darga of the party committee in the Yeröö state farm and the darga of the people’s auditing committee and in 1990 he retired. She has raised 10 children. Since 2006 she followed her children and moved to live in Ulaanbaatar.
At the start of the interview she briefly talked about doing various kinds of work in the agricultural industry. She was mostly doing supervising work. Besides growing grain and vegetables in the state farms and raising bees she used to make wooden items and construct buildings, in other words, she was engaged in production work. She also mentioned about her childhood, the herders’ life of that time, and the first visit to the city.
She briefly talked about the repressions details she has heard from the others and she talked in detail about the cultural campaign. She mentioned that the cultural campaign had been organized step-by-step from 1960s firstly, to restore health, secondly, to make literate the nation. The Russian physicians visited the aimags and the sums. Besides doing checkups and treatments they conducted training courses and trained the nurses and the so-called sanitars who injected the patients.
At the end she talked about the flourishing of the collectivization movement and the work and life of the collective members. She also mentioned the people’s work and life, and authority in the socialist period. She also briefly talked about nature and the environment and religion.
Summary of Interview 090323B with Tuulaihüü by Sarantsetseg
At the beginning of the interview she talked about the democratic movement in the 1990s. The former Prime Minister Byambasüren and Da. Ganbold started the privatization, and she thinks, because it was started early and the privatization was carried out in a short period of time, the agricultural industry has declined. She also briefly talked about men and women. In the socialist period the young people strived to get educated and work and live faithfully, but at the present time there are many who live the wrong way.
She also talked mentioned about the family. The socialist family law was a good law, and it encouraged the stable families and promoted them in the press. Therefore divorce cases were few and the policy of increasing the population was carried out by giving out the children’s money, and the order of the “Glorifying Mother”. She also talked about the Russians who came in great numbers to Mongolia and they had done great deal of development in the agricultural and the industrial sectors.
Towards the end of the interview she talked about industrialization and the living condition of the people of that time. The young people, though without education, assisted the experienced industrial workers and after taking exams they joined the working ranks. Their salary was sufficient therefore they paid attention to their work and strived to work with high productivity. She also briefly mentioned about the funeral rituals. In the olden times the dead were put on the sunny hillside with a stone covered by khadag under their head. The dead were covered with a cloth that had writings from Buddha’s sutras and in this way they were buried. Since 1960s the dead had begun to be buried in the earth. Recently the people started to prefer cremation.