Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990188
Name: Dariimaa
Parent's name: Jamsran
Ovog: Holboo het tamgatan
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1941
Ethnicity: Zahchin
Occupations: retired

Additional Information
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Bornuur sum (or part of UB), Töv aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Dariimaa please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090414A with Dariimaa by Sarantsetseg

J. Daariimaa was born in Manhan sum of Hovd aimag in 1941. After completing elementary school in 1953 she became a herder. At the age of 18 she followed her brother to Hövsgöl aimag and she worked there for a year. Then she went to Bornuur state farm of Töv aimag, got married and settled there.

At the start of the interview she talked in detail about her parents and her childhood. The families who had over 1000 head of livestock couldn’t slaughter the cattle and eat them whenever they wished. Male and barren cattle were separated off to give for the official tax. During the war time the herders ate bran. She talked about the herders’ life and work of that time, and she regretted that at present time the productivity of the livestock that had supported the Mongolians, the meat and the milk is undervalued and the herders are being maltreated. She also briefly talked about when she studied at elementary school and children’s upbringing.

She also mentioned the repressions and that her father had been suspected as a counter-revolutionary. Her father had been a disciple at the Zereg Gol monastery since he was seven years old and at the age of 17 he left the monastery, and later he became a party member and used to work as a bag agitator. At that time two or three times people with guns came to arrest her father for worshipping an ovoo and organizing festivities, and he was called several times to the aimag court but he never went there and later he died. She said that the people who came to arrest him upon hearing about his death confiscated his party certificate, his documents and his bag. She also mentioned about the policy and the activities implemented during the cultural campaigns.

At the end of the interview she talked about the flourishing of the collectivization movement, the situation of men and women in the socialist period and work and labor. She also talked about religion and said that she respected the Christian preaching.

Summary of Interview 090414B with Dariimaa by Sarantsetseg

In the start of the interview she talked about the democratic movement, which flourished in the 1990s in Mongolia. During the socialist period the people had been tied up by permanent work, but after the democratic movement the people started to make their own decisions their own life and work and they started to think freely. She thinks that during privatization the majority of the people expected that state property would be divided equally among them but they were left empty-handed. A few cunning people obtained a lot of property. She gave her privatization coupons to a broker’s firm but she doesn’t know what happened to them.

She also talked about the plants and the animals that were becoming rarer and the big changes in nature and the environment. She also mentioned that there were many Chinese in Bornuur when she first came there, and that there were many Russian goods in the socialist period with very few Chinese goods. The dargas of the socialist time didn’t like it when people criticized any issues and therefore the people never talked openly.

At the end of the interview she briefly mentioned about her private life, about getting trained in Bornuur to drive a tractor and raising five children. She also talked about funeral rituals. She mentioned about writing poems and she read one of her poems.