Interviewee ID: 990189
Parent's name: Batdelger
Year of Birth: 1930
Notes on education:
Belief: Buddhist? (Уламжлалт бурхны шашнаа)
Born in: Tögrög sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Shiimaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090415A with Shiimaa by Sarantsetseg
B. Shiimaa was born in Tögrög soum of Övörhangai aimag. She graduated from the fourth grade. She worked as a kindergarten cook and a nurse in the sum centre and then she went to the aimag centre and worked as a school receptionist and then she retired. It has been seven years since she came to Ulaanbaatar.
In the start of the interview she talked about being orphaned and being raised by her granny. She talked about the life and work of the herders of that time. She briefly mentioned about the collectivization movement and the cultural campaigns. The third day of the week was called a hygiene day and every family had a big cleaning at home. Her older brother became a teacher after completing the fourth grade and he taught many people their ABCs. She talked in detail about the activities that had been implemented during the cultural campaign.
She also briefly talked about people’s life in the 1940s and children’s upbringing. She talked about the privatization issues. She didn’t privatize any cattle because she had never been a collective member and she sold her privatization coupons to a person who had come from the city. At the end she briefly talked about her home and the work and labor of people during socialism.
Summary of Interview 090415B with Shiimaa by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning of the interview she said that in the 1960s and the 1970s there were few buildings in the city and she mentioned that it was complicated and one had to ride many buses to get somewhere. She also talked about her family, the children and the nature and environment of Övörhangai aimag. Some of the rivers, like Hairgan are dried up and the summer conditions have become poor. There are great changes in the nature and environment but the herders’ living standard has improved and each family has electricity and television.
She mentioned the Russians and the Chinese who lived in Mongolia in the socialist period. She briefly mentioned her husband who went to Russia and he came back secretly with such scarce goods like combs and make-up. One of her children who studied in Russia used to take arhi and vacuum flasks to Russia.
At the end she briefly mentioned about the people in authority during socialism. She concluded that the democratic movement that flourished in Mongolia in the 1990s didn’t bring any changes into her life. She also mentioned the techniques and what kind of technological progress was introduced under socialism, and the changes in funeral rituals. In the olden days a piece of felt was spread under the dead and the body was put out in the open. She also mentioned that such felt was used to make saddle blankets so that it protected the horse back, therefore people often used to make such saddle blankets from this felt.