Interviewee ID: 990205
Parent's name: Anonymous
Year of Birth: 1950
Occupations: Head of XX district Red Cross
Notes on education:
Born in: Tonhil sum, Govi-Altai aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: worker
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Anonymous please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090602A with Anonymous by Sarantsetseg
Anonymous was born in 1950 in Gobi-Altai aimag. In 1965 she finished the seventh grade in the Sharyn Gol district of Darhan city and then studied at the kindergarten teacher’s school. After graduation, she worked as a kindergarten director for six years in Zuunharaa in Selenge and as a League committee darga for ten years. Then she worked as a trade union darga and as the coordinator of the League committee for the railway in Choir, Dornogobi aimag. In 1990 after the democratic revolution she worked at the Red Cross organization.
At the start of the interview she talked about her parents and that she was born into a family with fourteen children but then was adopted by her uncle. She also talked about her work and life history and she concluded that her work in the development of youth and protecting the rights of workers and the humanitarian sector was a distinctive aspect of her life.
She also talked about her granddad’s older brother, a lama named Halzan who was repressed in 1939 and he was later rehabilitated. Until 1990 only the lamas and the older people had had belief, but from1990 religion spread in the countryside and the city, and a relationship developed between the state and religion. She talked in detail about the transformation and changes of Mongolian’s belief. She also mentioned that although before 1990, Tsagaan Sar was not celebrated as an official holiday, people didn’t end the customs of preparing plate full of refreshments and making buuz and greeting each.
She also talked in detail about the cultural campaigns. The cultural campaign activities were implemented jointly by the hospital organizations, the women organizations and the state and public organization workers and the ‘Cultured Household”, the ‘Cultured Entrance’ [referring to a particular entrance to a block of flats], the ‘Cultured Street’ addresses were given to those who had met the proper requirements. She also mentioned that many Russian specialists worked in the railway system and because of their influence there had been many changes in the household culture. She also shared what she had heard and read about the collectivization movement and concluded that through collectivization the people started to cooperate and learned the mentality to assist each other.
Later in the interview, she talked about the work and life of the socialist period, people’s work attitude as well as pre-school education. She mentioned about the [Revolutionary Youth] League organization, the family, privatization and many other issues. She gave her privatization vouchers to the APU company factory but because they never gave her any profit, she sold them for 60000 tögrögs. Through the privatization she obtained a three room railway apartment and she feels that privatization changed her life.
Summary of Interview 090602B with Anonymous by Sarantsetseg
At the beginning of the interview she talked about the education system of the socialist regime and about her time as a schoolchild. Schoolchildren of that time were in class for 5-6 hours and in addition, they actively participated in the various activities organized by the Pioneer organization. Also, in the 1960s the Chinese used to live in great numbers in Mongolia and in 1968, 1969 they were forced to leave. Eighty percent of the total consumer goods imported to Mongolia during the socialist period were Russian goods. She also said that the vegetable and the flour requirements were fully met by Mongolia’s own production.
She also talked about the people in authority during socialism. In the socialist period, every administrative organization organized many meetings and the dargas were much criticized at those meetings, and people used to write notifications to the People’s Auditing Committee and according to those notifications a commission came and checked up. Therefore the administrators worked with great responsibility. She also mentioned about the techniques and technology propagated under socialism.
Later she talked in some detail how the factories had developed and about the industrial workers’ life and work. In the socialist period Mongolia was an agricultural-industrial nation but after 1990 the factories were privatized and production almost completely stopped. She mentioned how the men and women’s situation has changed and also about the democracy, nature and environment and the funeral rituals.