Interviewee ID: 990207
Parent's name: Süh
Year of Birth: 1946
Notes on education:
Born in: [None Given] sum, Ulaanbaatar aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: milker
Father's profession: carpenter
To read a full interview with Tömör please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090604A with Tömör by Sarantsetseg
S. Tömör was born in 1946 in Ulaanbaatar city. Having completed a communication course, he worked in Arhangai, Bayanhongor, and Gobi-Altai aimags and then he went to Ulaanbaatar and became a paratrooper in the Ministry of Public Security. Then he had worked in the General Police Department for 25 year and retired. He graduated from an evening Institute and became an officer.
In the beginning of the interview he talked about his parents, his childhood and his private life. He was raised in a family with many children so he learned to be independent and make various things that were useful later in his life. His father-in-law Luvsanochir worked in the Civil Air Transportation as an engineer when a decree was issued and a group of people were fired from work. He mentioned it was one example of repression and he shared the things he had heard and read about repression. He also talked in detail about the cultural campaign that brought great changes in the household culture such as preservation of hygiene, improvement of sanitary conditions and improvement of their surroundings. He also mentioned that ten-odd children of his family not only had separate bed cover and mats, and white bed sheets but his brothers and sisters started to change their clothes. In this way it gave the individuals a new way of life.
He also talked about how religion had changed in Mongolia and he noted that in recent times the influence of religion on the state had increased. He also shared the things he had heard from his parents about the collectivization movement. He talked in detail about industrialization during socialism, the work attitude of the people, the employment process, how people managed their lives and the changes of the relations between men and women.
At the end he shared his thoughts about the privatization process. He had worked his whole life in the military and police therefore he had not seen much of the results of privatization. He gave his privatization coupons to the Gobi enterprise but he had never seen any other benefit than 29500 tögrögs for the privatization dividend of 5 people.
Summary of Interview 090604B with Tömör by Sarantsetseg
In the beginning of the interview he talked about the democratic movement. Thanks to democracy the right to own property was obtained and the foreign relations became free. These are the good sides of it but everything became too loose and incoherent, he concludes. He mentioned about the people in authority during socialism and the changes in the relations between the dargas and the workers. He compared the socialist and present day dargas. The dargas of the socialist period gave assignments and always checked their fulfilment and today there’s almost no assessment of work responsibility.
He mentioned that in the socialist period the Mongolians had fraternal relations with the Russians but they feared the Chinese and they didn’t have close relations with them. Average Mongolians had little chance to visit foreign countries other than being invited by their children who studied abroad.
At the end he compared the development of Ulaanbaatar with Korean cities. He briefly talked about the family life in the socialist period and the state's family policy, and the changes in funeral rituals.