Interviewee ID: 990209
Parent's name: Yondon
Year of Birth: 1954
Occupations: Red Cross educator
Notes on education:
Born in: Ongon sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: industry seamstress / feltmaker
Father's profession: Худалдаа бэлтгэлийн удирдах газарт ажилчин
To read a full interview with Chuluunbaatar please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090606A with Chuluunbaatar by Sarantsetseg
Yo. Chuluunbaatar was born in 1954 in Ongon sum of Sühbaatar aimag. Having graduated secondary school, she attended a trade vocational school in Dornod aimag and worked at the special service store of Sühbaatar aimag. Then she got married and shifted to Selenge aimag to work there. She had worked in Sant sum beginning as a salesman until she became a cooperative (horshoo) darga. Then in 2000 she moved to Ulaanbaatar.
At the start of the interview she talked about childhood, school life, and the transformations and changes of the relations between children and their parents. She also talked about repression and the religion of the people of the socialist period. Her mother’s father was a lama and he had been repressed, therefore she had a different person’s surname. In the socialist period it was prohibited to use birth-control methods for women under 36 who didn’t have four children. In the beginning of the 1990s the young women who had four children were made to retire though they hadn’t reached the retirement age. She feels all this was a modern repression.
She talked especially about the process of the cultural campaigns. She concluded that with the influence of the Russians the household culture of the Mongolians reached a very high level and it even outstripped the level of other Asian countries. She also talked about her own private life history and the work and life of people under socialism. She was born into a large family and after losing her parents she raised her younger sisters and brothers.
At the end she mentioned about the factory workers and the industrialization process. She talked about the changes in the men and women’s conditions and she mentioned about the many women who took a great burden on their shoulders during the market period (ie, now) by doing petty trading.
Summary of Interview 090606B with Chuluunbaatar by Sarantsetseg
At the start of the interview she talked about privatization. She concluded that not everyone benefited from privatization and that the poverty originated from this. She particularly mentioned that the senior people of that time and the mothers with many children led a poor life. She mentioned that as a result of democracy the people started to freely visit foreign countries and, it also became the main reason for divorce.
She briefly mentioned, in the socialist period the Russians, the Germans and the Czechs came to work here and how she used to purchase foreign consumer goods. She also said a few things about the non-governmental organizations and the Red Cross.
At the end she briefly mentioned about life in a ger during socialism, the newly introduced techniques and technology, people in authority, urbanization, belief and funeral rituals.