Interviewee ID: 990241
Parent's name: Dashdorj
Year of Birth: 1943
Notes on education:
Born in: Han-Uul sum, Ulaanbaatar aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: Veterinary hospital laboratory worker
Father's profession: veterinarian (baga emch)
To read a full interview with Narantsetseg please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090632A with Narantsetseg by Sainbileg
I was born in 1943 in the city. In 1963, I completed the Teacher’s school and worked for the state for thirty years and then retired.
Our school had a small one-storey white house with two school rooms and one teachers’ room. In one room the children of two grades studied together. The teacher would go to one row and teach her class there and then she would go to the other row and worked with those children. There used to be two-colored copying pencils. We used to rip up that pencil and taking the lead we dissolved it in water making ink. The ink in the glass froze and we tucked in into the front of a sheepskin deel a child was wearing. There were no textbooks at all. The teachers wrote on the board and we copied it and read it. After completing the seventh grade I went to vocational school and having completed it I went to teach at secondary school Number Three which was the first general education school. The children’s organization’s structure was very appropriate to prepare them for society and to ‘civilize’ them. The children who just begun attending school were taken into the ‘Heroes’ row. One class was divided into four groups and they competed between each other in studies and discipline. Then they joined the Pioneers. When joining the Pioneers they studied the regulations and the history of the Mongolian Pioneer organization and lifting their hands they gave an oath in front of the flag, “I will become an upright citizen of Mongolia”. The children had a respectful attitude and they were full of joy when joining the Pioneers. They joined with great encouragement and wore a pioneer tie. Then in the senior grade, reaching the age of sixteen, they became the members of the Mongolian Revolutionary Youth League. The children who had been working at the League and Pioneer organizations became militant and acquired the skill of organizing.
The cultural campaign was not only about cups, plates and towels but it played a great role in enhancement of the people’s knowledge and education. Everywhere in the administration offices the literacy circles were organized and they handed out the certificates that said ‘became literate’ to those who had completed the circles. Since then the people began to study and complete the seventh grade acquiring a partial education. Also, the cultural campaign greatly contributed to making people healthy, getting rid of venereal diseases and TB. In the household everyday life the people acquired bed sheets and hand towels and dish towels, preserving hygiene. The knitting and embroidery circles had been organized for the wives and they were taught a great many things.
Summary of Interview 090632B with Narantsetseg by Sainbileg
In the socialist period, the mothers with many children were supported and they were given money and the order “The Mother’s Glory” [Ehiin aldar]. The women’s organization was concerned with health and household issues of mothers and they did a lot of work. The revision of the Law on Pension from 1992 caused the young women with four children retire. It was a great victimization. The women with many children lost their rights to labour by being made to retire. Consequently, many women sold cigarettes one by one in the streets and they got involved in small trade, helping their families. At the same time their children wandered around, dropping out of school, and their husbands became drunkards, which led to divorce. In such a way the women were victimized by a law.
When I was a schoolchild, I tied a tie on the head of the Democratic Republic of Korea Choi In [it is unclear whom this refers to, but probably Choe Yong-kun] when he visited Songino and I congratulated him. He visited the Biokombinat and he met with the working people there. In 1957, the year I was to enter the seventh grade, I went to Germany for a holiday. In such a way even the children’s organization sent children abroad by the exchange program for a holiday. In the socialist period, we imported food and clothes from Russia and China. We had great assistance from our two neighbours and we still get it. Therefore I am easily offended by the words ‘those bad Chinese and bad Russians’ that people say all the time.