Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990245
Name: Bira
Parent's name: Jigjid
Ovog: Jigjid
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1942
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: retired

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Belief: none
Born in: Bayandelger sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Bira please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090705A with Bira by Sarantsetseg

J. Bira was born in 1942 in Bayandelger sum of Sühbaatar aimag. He came to the city when he was small. In 1967 he graduated from the Physical Education Institute and then he increased his qualifications at the Civil Aviation Transportation Academy of Leningrad. He worked as a physical education specialist at the Civil Aviation Relations department, the League committee darga at the Ministry of Defense, the airport chief of Gobi-Altai, Dornod and Hövsgöl aimags and a specialist in charge of the local airport at the Civil Aviation Administration. In 2004 he retired.

At the start of the interview he talked briefly about his childhood and his parents. The socialist education was carried out by the Russian system and after graduating the tenth grade he was assigned to work at the factory. He talked in detail about the life and the work of the factory workers. He also mentioned the newly introduced techniques and technology of the socialist period and about the relations of the ordinary people with the foreigners. The consumer goods were directly brought from the north to Mongolia by train and there had been about 30-40 Russian stores where mostly the ministers and the dargas were served. But the ordinary people gave some money to the door guards and they had a chance to be served, too.

He also talked about the relations between the dargas and the ordinary people. He talked about the changes in the employment process, the development of the civil aviation sector and how he worked there.

At the end of the interview he talked about religion. After the repressions the majority of the ‘ails’ concealed their Buddhas and relics inside the chests. Then in the 1970s they put hem on the chest with a small curtain in the front. She mentioned that in the recent times the number of the lamas had sharply increased.

Summary of Interview 090705B with Bira by Sarantsetseg

In the start of the interview Bira mentioned that the initiator of the cultural campaign was Filatova and he talked about the processes of the cultural campaign. He concluded that the cultural campaign brought acute changes in the household culture of the people and the quality of the service shops.

He briefly talked about how privatization was first announced. The ordinary people didn’t have the time to find things out when a group of people had already purchased the privatization coupons at the market and in the ‘ails’. Therefore there are few of those who got the any benefit, he feels. The people who had privatized the factories sold the buildings and equipment and using that money they managed businesses, starting on the path to become wealthy.

He briefly talked about democracy, the state agencies and city life. He also briefly mentioned about the changes taking place in the nature and the environment and the funeral rituals.