Interviewee ID: 990246
Parent's name: Luvsanochir
Year of Birth: 1952
Notes on education:
Born in: Shanh sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Shanh sum (or part of UB), Övörhangai aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Dariimaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090706A with Dariimaa by Sarantsetseg
L. Daariimaa was born in 1952 in Harhorin sum of Övörhangai aimag. At the start of the interview she talked about her childhood, her parents and the herders’ life of that time. She mentioned that the herders had 16-17 heads of private livestock and they lived equally. If they lacked wool, cashmere and dairy products [from what the state plan expected], they had to pay for it. If they worked well, they were rewarded. She also briefly mentioned about tending curly haired half-breed sheep called ‘Altai’ raised for meat and milk. She talked about the work activity of the Harhorin state farm.
By the end of the 1980s the ‘ails’ took out the concealed Buddhas and the relics and about a dozen old lamas came together to open a local monastery. She also told about her private life and the privatization process. At that time the state farms had numerous livestock but the herders were given very few of them. For instance, she mentioned that a family of eight was given 10 lambs, one cow and two horses. Also, the local people used to say that there used to be many items like tractors and combines, but some fat people came from Ulaanbaatar and took all of them away. There used to be a flour plant in Harhorin and big public service agencies, but she expressed her regret that the children of those people who had been dargas took everything and broke down the buildings.
She also talked about childhood, the relations between children and their parents, religion, repression and the cultural campaign.
Summary of Interview 090706B with Dariimaa by Sarantsetseg
In the start of the interview she shared the things she had heard about collectivization. During socialism people were very hard-working and faithful. The majority of the people had employment after having graduated from vocational schools. She talked about the work and life of the industrial workers and the people in authority.
She also talked about the changes of the men and women’s situation, about their clothing and what kind of activities the women’s organization conducted. She talked in detail about the socialist era family, about the childlessness tax and how the family policies conducted by the state had been changing. She briefly talked about the relationship of the Mongolians with foreigners and how she used to get foreign goods during socialism. She talked about the democratic movement which flourished in the 1990s. After democracy there was privatization and religion became open. She feels democracy didn’t bring any changes to her life.
At the end of the interview she mentioned the newly introduced techniques and technologies in the agricultural sector, the life of the countryside people and funeral rituals. She also briefly talked about the nature and the environment.