Interviewee ID: 990247
Parent's name: Sodnom
Year of Birth: 1966
Notes on education:
Born in: Shanh sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Norjmoo please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090707A with Norjmoo by Sarantsetseg
S. Norjmoo was born in 1966 in Shanh sum, the present Harhorin sum of Övörhangai. After completing the eighth grade she attended the agricultural vocational school and she became a veterinarian. She had worked at Burd sum of Övörhangai and after privatization she went to Ulaanbaatar to have her children educated. She had completed two years of accelerated learning of the Agricultural Institute. At the time of giving the interview she was working for the third year at the Red Cross Association.
In the start of the interview she talked about her parents, her childhood and her school years. Her parents tended 800 state farm ewes and they fulfilled the dairy and wool plan. Her father used to hunt marmots while grazing the sheep. She collected the hunted marmots and hung them from the saddle and in this way she helped her parents. In order to fulfill the summer school assignments she together with her older brother used to kill ground squirrels. She also talked about the process of privatization. During privatization she was a veterinarian in charge of one bag that had over 30,000 livestock. Fifteen small livestock was estimated per person for the privatization, therefore the large families with many children who got salaries tending the collective livestock got very rich. She also mentioned that depending on the official position and the business acumen, some people got unequal shares from the privatization.
She also shared the things she had heard about collectivization. She talked about the work attitude of the socialist period and the changes in the process of employment. She concluded that in the recent years the people aged from 35 to 45 years are not being employed and it devalues the experienced and knowledgeable working forces.
At the end she talked in detail about the cultural campaign. She mentioned that at that time the wooden barrels used in distilling were confiscated so that the ‘ails’ could not distill Mongolian arhi. She also talked about the things she had heard about repression and she mentioned about the changes in religion and the changes in the men and women’s situations.
Summary of Interview 090707B with Norjmoo by Sarantsetseg
In the first part of the interview she talked about industrialization and how the people were employed at the factories and the life and work of the industrial workers. The people in authority and leading officers of the socialist period communicated in the imperative form and their words were followed by the ordinary people in a patient way.
She also mentioned how the ordinary people communicated with the foreigners. When she was small some Polish and Hungarian people worked at the Harhorin hydro-power station and she also said that during socialism people who had achieved success in work were sent abroad to travel. She also talked about the family life in the socialist time and the activities of the non-governmental organizations.
Towards the end she mentioned she had been working as a veterinarian in the countryside during democracy. Since she was a Revolutionary Party member she didn’t take part in the democratic process. She concluded the democracy didn’t bring great changes in Mongolia. She also talked about the new techniques and technology that had been introduced in the agricultural sector in the socialist period. She talked about the changes happening in the city, nature and environment since she came to live in the city in 1997.