Interviewee ID: 990251
Parent's name: Tuulai
Ovog: Bees Hoshuu
Year of Birth: 1960
Occupations: kindergarden teacher
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayan-Öndör sum, Bayanhongor aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: driver
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Summary of Interview 090711A with Shürhüü by Erdenetuya
In 1975 the first kindergarten was established in Bayan-Öndör. Four people worked at the kindergarten and they were the cook, the teacher, the assistant teacher and the bookkeeper. The kindergarten started its first classes with 25 children. There was a strict program in the kindergarten of that time that prohibited the children to write and eat with their left hand. The teachers were pressed to teach the children one subject within a week's time, and the children had a very hard program of learning. In 1993 a man named Karla from the Education and Science Institute made an inspection visit to the kindergartens and found that the education program was conducted in a wrong way and he made some amendments.
The teachers of the socialist period used to take sugar, soap and flour and boil them making glue, and they painted the notebook pages with watercolours and made illustrations for the children. The city kindergarten provision was much better than the countryside.
If you hindered work, administrative measures were taken against you. For instance, if the class got bad marks with the hygiene inspection from the aimag, the teacher's salary was reduced by 20% or 25%.
The people of that time were employed by direct assignment. Right after graduation the young people were appointed to work at a certain place. At the work place the party cell darga or the sum darga expected you to come.
People were fired from work if they had made mistakes several times. Once a week a children’s film has been shown in the countryside. Since 1976 electric guitars appeared and the students used to dance to the songs of the 'Bayan Mongol' band.
Religion was prohibited in the socialist period and the ‘ails’ were prohibited from lighting oil lamps for the dead.