Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990303
Name: Zundui
Parent's name: Dari
Ovog: Haahuyag
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1925
Ethnicity: Tuvan
Occupations: retired

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Höh saari sum, Baruun Altai aimag
Lives in: Zaamar sum (or part of UB), Töv aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Zundui please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090807A with Zundui by Sarantsetseg

D. Zundui was born in 1925 in a place called Höh Saari near Shar Sum in the western part of present-day China. At the age of six he came together with his older brother and his mother to the western land of Mongolia - Hovd aimag. At that time the White Russians together with the Kazaks robbed the Urianhai, the Dörvöd, the Torguud and the Tuva nationalities that lived in the Western Altai therefore they fled from there. He tended livestock and then he was called to serve in the army. He mentioned that he took part in the battle that took place in an area called Baidragbogd of Bulgan sum, Hovd aimag. He said that since 1949 there hasn’t been a sound of a gun on the Mongolian border.

At the start of the interview he talked in detail about the development of the collectivization movement and how the collectives expanded and developed. In 1959 he collectivized 217 head of livestock, joining the collective and he tended 500 collective livestock.

He also briefly talked about the cultural campaigns. At that time such activities like inspecting the hygiene of the countryside herders and teaching the ABCs were widely organized and great changes happened in the mindset of the people. He also talked about the changes in the herders’ life and work, the countryside school and the relationship between parents and their children.

Later in the interview he talked about democracy and privatization. He mentioned that privatization was conducted chaotically. He said, if the law was perfected and all the state property estimated precisely and only after that the privatization was carried out, we would have had fewer errors. He also shared his thoughts about the work attitude of the people in the socialist period and how it has changed.

Summary of Interview 090807B with Zundui by Sarantsetseg

At the beginning of the interview Zundui narrates how, until the start of the democratic transition, he was sent to work from Bayan-Ölgii aimag to Töv aimag’s Zaamar sum to herd cross-bred sheep. At that time Zaamar was a well developed agricultural collective that raised sheep for wool production. He mentions that as a consequence of the democratic movement the livestock was privatized, social discipline and behaviour suffered from moral disintegration and unemployment has become rife. During socialism the unemployed were forced to work on fixing fences for sheep and digging wells.

During the mid-interview he talks about people who possessed authority, development of technology and international relations. Also, he talks about how during 1962-63 there was a conflict on the western borders of Mongolia, about his military service in 1947 as well as interesting stories about the political situation during that time.

Towards the end of the interview he talks about funeral rituals, how for example Dörvöd people would carry the deceased person in a truck to a funeral place then would dump the corpse while still driving and would never look back and how funeral rituals have transformed since then.