Interviewee ID: 990305
Parent's name: Horloo
Year of Birth: 1931
Education: not given
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayan-Önjüül sum, Töv aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Chuluunbat please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090809A with Chuluunbat by Sainbileg
I was born in 1931 in the so called Bayan-Unjuul land of Töv aimag. I completed the fourth grade of the elementary school in Bor-Öndör (near the ‘Shuvuu’ factory). In 1951 I went to serve in the army and after three years I demobilized. I had been doing odd jobs in the railway for three years and then I was employed to work at the police and I quit in 1980.
At the bag meetings they used to agitate about the collectivization movement. We worked collectively and they used to say we could voluntarily join the negdel if we wanted to. In order to become a negdel member we gave some livestock and we got registered, and we were given collective livestock to tend. Those who had a lot of livestock and who couldn’t handle working with them, willingly joined. I didn’t join the collective and I went to serve the army.
After demobilization I worked as a watch man for the railway. Then in 1960 I first went to work for the police. The police or the forces organizations’ work is hard. The smallest example is if a drunkard comes to you and gets violent, you have to take measures to pacify him. The bosses communicated with the lower-level people as in the military. An order was an order. In the socialist period I had a salary of seven hundred and something. My wife also had work. Therefore our life was OK. There was a criterion to get employed in the socialist period. At first they will study you thoroughly and only then they will give you work. They will check where you were born and all that. There were many working places.
There used to be the so-called Water Street where Chinese used to live in a great number. Once, the Chinese were chased away from the country. There was much fuss about chasing away the so-called ‘red guards’. You can’t say ‘red guards’. I think they called the rebels this.
Summary of Interview 090809B with Chuluunbat by Sainbileg
I wasn’t involved in the democratic movement. The so-called democracy got few people to join it and it began with those drunkards anyways. Democracy brought only beggars and the drunkards and there is unemployment. There are more bad things than good things. They just fight each other and there’s nothing about developing the nation and becoming organized.
Privatization has shattered us. There is nothing we have acquired. Maybe only an apartment we got for free. I gave my 7000 tögrögs worth of coupons to one place. They gave me green material cloth, and nothing more. The green and red papers (privatization coupons) reached only the upper-level people. They issued the twentieth decree and, lying about increasing our money, they got rich themselves.
In the socialist periods the family was protected and their health was protected. The divorced had a bad reputation. In order for the population to grow, children’s money and the order of ‘Distinguished Mother’ were given.
In the old days the dead were put out in the open. I buried my father’s body in the countryside. When you look now, we see the northern part of Ulaanbaatar all merged with the burial place.