Interviewee ID: 990316
Parent's name: Dendev
Year of Birth: 1928
Notes on education:
Born in: Erdenemandal sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Chuluun please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090424A with Chuluun by Dejid
He was born in 1941 in Tsagaan Nuur of Övör Hoshuu Tariat sum of Arhangai aimag.
When he was small, there was a big Tariat monastery. In order to destroy it all its books, sutras and Buddhas were dumped in the river and some of them were piled up in the cooperative hashaa. Religion was shut down at that time, and his father was afraid and prohibited him to learn Tibetan and be interested in anything related to it. The teachings about dealing with the sacred virgin lands and the nature have changed. The waters have dried up and the trees have been cut down. In the 1940s he carried by camel caravan the annual consumption of flour, tea and drill cloth from Altanbulag and distributed the big loads of the sum cooperative in small amounts to the people.
The bag darga endured great pain to involve the people in the collectivization movement, to gather the bag people to organize meetings. Some of the people would join the collective willingly and those with many livestock wouldn’t. Later, the official regulations were made up for livestock meat and milk, pressing the people to join it.
Summary of Interview 090424B with Chuluun by Dejid
Religion is a school of educating people and stretching their mind. There are various books and sutras on corrective ceremonies like opening the ground doors, letting in profit, succeeding in work and various actions. They are Altangerel, Sundui, Jaddagva and etc. For some time religion has been eliminated and with its revival I’m learning to merge into it with all my might to help the people.
In the socialist period there were no unemployed people in the city or in the countryside. Those who were reluctant to work were forced officially to do it. The people against whom measures had been taken were entrusted to the official institutions and they were made to work. The toughest period was the 1940-1950s, you know. When I was a child, we were assigned to bring this many squirrel skins, this many kg of grass for the summer work and we were taught to work. We milked cows, grazed the sheep, the girls sewed and stitched, showing example by their work.