Interviewee ID: 990340
Parent's name: Tserendorj
Year of Birth: 1939
Notes on education: mechanic
Born in: Mogod sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bulgan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder, builder
Father's profession: herder, stoker
To read a full interview with Lhagvasüren please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090824A with Lhagvasüren by Khishigsüren
A former agricultural engineer.
Ts. Lhagvasüren was born in 1939 in Mogod sum, Bulgan aimag. Until the age of ten, when he went to school, he tended livestock. He went to the elementary school of Mogod sum. Then he accomplished the seventh grade in Hishig-Öndör sum, and in 1959 he went to Bulgan sum to complete the tenth grade. Then he studied at the Linard Academy of Moscow. In 1966 he graduated from the Agricultural Engineering Institute and was qualified as an agricultural machinery mechanic.
After graduation, from 1966 he has worked as the general engineer of the MAAM (mal aj ahuin machin - livestock husbandry machinery) station. There used to be a MAAM station in Bulgan aimag then. Then in 1968 he worked as the general engineer of the aimag's collective's council, from 1972 to 1980 he worked as an engineer of the agricultural management department of the aimag, from 1980 to 1991 – an agricultural director of the aimag party committee, from 1991 to 2003 – a specialist in charge of agriculture issue at the office of the aimag mayor. In 2003 he retired on a pension. In 2003-2006 he has worked for two years as an executive director at the Bulgan-Öndör water management company. Since then he has been working as an agricultural advisor-specialist at the aimag agriculture department. He described himself as working all his life through. In 1963 he married a woman named Sambuugiin Pürev. They have six children.
The story Ts. Lhagvasüren told us is inseparably connected with the development of agriculture of Bulgan aimag in the socialist period. Since he attended secondary school in Hishig-Öndör sum, he and his friend Shagdar had been interested in machinery. They watched the new techniques introduced in connection with the nationwide cultivation of virgin lands. At that time he had the wish to learn this vocation. The two of them been qualified as engineers in this field in the Soviet Union. He talked about how the agricultural machinery had been developed and how it was introduced in Mongolia, starting from the horse stations in the1930s.
He also mentioned that in historical documents we can find that agriculture has been cultivated in the settled areas of Dashinchilen sum called Har Uulin balgas and Chintolgoin balgas since 840 AD, during the Khirgiz, Uigur and Kitan states. The land of Bulgan aimag and the Orhon valley is the most suitable place for cultivation. He mentioned that traces of remains, like threshing instruments and trenches had been found. He talked extensively of the fact that from generation to generation since that time this land has been the main region that provides people with grain and wheat. He talked about the history of establishing the MAAM station in the Bulgan aimag territory, the personnel and the machinery of that time together with the resolutions and decrees issued related to them.
Summary of Interview 090824B with Lhagvasüren by Khishigsüren
In the second part of his interview Ts. Lhagvasüren talked about the Third party plenum held in 1959 where the goal to provide the country with the flour was set up, and the campaign to bring virgin lands under cultivation was begun. To cultivate virgin land means to transform the wild field into a farm region. They used to plow the mountain slopes and steppe lands with no irrigation. The real virgin lands were revived and cultivated and settlements with schools and hospitals were built and social services were introduced. Culture was introduced to the countryside citizens. By cultivating the virgin lands there have been great changes in the social life of the people and it has brought culture. He feels that changes and progress came into all spheres of the people’s life, such as knowledge, education and household economy.
The first virgin land campaign continued from 1959 to 1976, the second campaign started in 1976 and it developed rapidly. At the time of change, or in the 1990s, agriculture has declined and he talked about the factors that influenced this.
During privatization he had no comprehension of the market. There was no preparation and no arrangement when privatizing agriculture. The way privatization was done was the main reason for its decline. The majority of the agricultural equipment came from foreign countries, especially the Soviet Union. It was the result of world-wide changes and the Soviet Union’s break-up and the fact that they were unable to manufacture the equipment. The economy of the country also declined, for all sectors declined with the decline of the nation. The privatization of both the agricultural collectives and the state farms was carried out without any arrangement and it was the wrong thing to do and it had a negative impact. He said he felt discontent about it.
In 1967 there was a magnitude 9 earthquake in Mogod sum and there appeared a 58 km long rupture and tremors. But it was strange that this earthquake had very fortunate consequences with no loss of human lives or livestock. The people who had been sleeping at the time of the earthquake didn’t fall into the gap that appeared in the middle of the ger. One bed-ridden person with an unknown ailment had been completely healed by it. In the middle of the sheep flock there appeared a gap and not a single animal died. It was a strange story. In other words, he considers it was a generous earthquake that awakened the Mogod sum.
At the end of his interview he said he was proud of the wheat and grain, airag, horses and wrestling of the people of Bulgan aimag, and of the fact that he had acquired an agricultural vocation.