Interviewee ID: 990349
Parent's name: Dorj
Year of Birth: 1938
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Avzaga sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Jalbaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090757A with Jalbaa by Otgonbayar
Jalbaa guai was born the eighth child of Jambaldorj and then he was adopted by a man called Dorj. Having finished the seventh grade, he followed a man called Partisan Luvsandorj and became a driver.
In 1967 there was an earthquake in Mogot sum and the sum hospital collapsed. The Russians built it again. The grade-three drivers got a salary of 350 tögrögs then and the grade-two drivers got 420 and the grade one drivers got about 500 tögrögs. Seventy percent of the sum work was done by the collectives. Agriculture was considered to be important.
The Lenin’s Way collective where Jalbaa guai first went to work was established in 1939 as Hartsag’s collective, and it was the 25th collective nationally. When the collective was first established, over twenty people incorporated and started to prepare for the haymaking and they incorporated their livestock.
After the victory of the collectivization movement a MAAM station was established between about 5 sums and they planted the grain of the collectives, built their fences and cut hay. At the time when Jalbaa guai worked there, there were about 2300 workers. Grain was planted in many sums like Gurvan Bulag, Saihan Tarni and Dashinchilen. The aimag administration had 5 trucks and the dargas often went to the countryside as delegates.
In 1950 the countryside ‘ails’ became poor because state issued a set of plans and according to it, having counted 50 cows, they said the next year there will be this many calves and the next year it will be increased by this number and thus they have increased the meat norms to be reached. Consequently, when the collectives were established, the majority of the ’ails’ had no livestock and they joined the collectives without delay. The collective drivers had only about ten head of livestock. The collective planted potatoes and distributed them to the ‘ails’ but they didn’t consume them and threw them away.
Lately the environment and the weather are changing and the rivers ceased flowing and the plants becoming rare and the number of the wild animals has decreased. The lack of nutritious grass and plants has led the people to give injections to their race horses. Deer horns and penis, the uterus of female deer are used by the people, and this, along with the decreased grass, has lead to the deer becoming scarce. Lately the names of the lands and the rivers have changed. The ’ails’ consume approximately 3 truckloads of trees for firewood annually.
Summary of Interview 090757B with Jalbaa by Otgonbayar
Jalbaa guai was very engaged in hunting and he told us about it.
He heard about the democratic events only on the radio and the hunger strike was announced on March 8th, which the countryside people didn't like, for it was Women’s Day. With the coming of democracy the herders acquired their own livestock but due to lack of constant income they exchanged their livestock for flour, rice and other things and in fact they have descended into poverty.
During the socialist period there was nothing to worry about and if you had work, your future was guaranteed. But nowadays we have a constant worry about today and tomorrow for our children. An image has become common in Mongolia of men consuming alcohol and quitting their work whereas the women strive to manage their life. For some time the people have migrated en masse to Ulaanbaatar but now the migration has decreased. There has been a great migration to the west, following the gold mines.
In the olden times, people often adopted children in Jalbaa guai’s homeland and child mortality was high.
A peaceful heart is much greater happiness than having rich possessions but the Mongolians as a whole live in stress.