Interviewee ID: 990350
Parent's name: Lhavar
Year of Birth: 1940
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Erdenebüren sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Namsrai please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090758A with Namsrai by Otgonbayar
Namsrai guai was born in 1940. He graduated the elementary school of Erdeneburen sum in 1952. In 1957 he completed the seventh grade of the Zereg sum school, and in 1961 he graduated from the agricultural vocational school of Hovd. Then he came to Hishig-Öndör when the Hishig-Öndör MAAMS was being established and he worked there. In 1969 it was shut down and transformed into a collective joint ownership industrial mechanical plant. In 1992, through the privatization process the Ögöömör company was established and it had about 1000 workers. Their sum had about 50 trucks. Through the privatization process the drivers were given their trucks. When privatizing the joint ownership plant a commission was created. The joint ownership plant had over 5000 livestock and the workers were each given 5 small cattle. Over 3000 small cattle remained and the company Ögöömör kept them. This company had over 400 workers and Namsrai guai has worked as its director and in 1995 he retired. When he retired, he got 10 three-year-old cows for his salary.
In the elementary school the schoolchildren didn’t wear uniforms and they studied in a ger. There was a small low table and twenty children sat alongside it. The teacher put her desk at the door and she taught the class. If a child disturbed the class, he was told he would be sent to a Kazakh school. In the fifth grade he wore footwear only in the winter cold. He lived in the school dormitory and he had two changes of shirts and the janitors washed his clothes. There were many children with lice. They mainly ate noodles, millet and soup made of offal. In 1957 when he entered the seventh grade, he wore the same clothes. He had a 180 tögrögs stipend while at vocational school. When his shoes wore out with a hole in it, he cut a notebook and inserted it into the shoes. He resoled his footwear back home.
Having completed the vocational school, he attended the MAAMS mechanic repair training course in Poland with other 30 children. In Poland they all had been taught how to use a toilet, for the countryside children weren’t aware of it.
When burying the dead, baskets were balanced on two sides of a camel and it was wrapped in a deel and put horizontally and pressed. The dead were put out in the open.
Summary of Interview 090758B with Namsrai by Otgonbayar
In 1960-1970s he prepared for the cultural campaign and visited some ‘ails’ to teach them hot wo wash things and even he taught about cooking vegetables. The sum workers were sent to work at the places where the cultural inspection people had failed to improve the situation. They visited the ‘ails’ at night and checked whether they had the towels, soap and they taught and advised what to do. The ‘ails’ also made meal schedules and the family members all had a work schedule and they had them checked.
In 1963 the threshing machine broke at the crop field of the Gurvan Bulag of Bureg Hangai and when the people were told to come to work there, mainly old people went. At that time the aimag secretary in charge found out who did what kind of work while visiting the ails for the cultural inspection and he gave them the assignment to work at threshing. They inquired if the people were engaged in any kind of work or not, checked the hygiene, and each ‘ail’ had to have a library. They also checked whether they bathed or not by checking the bathing coupon. In this way the cultural campaign’s effect was great. During the cultural campaign detergent and soap were abundant and the people often washed their clothes. Before, the people washed their clothes during the felt-making and they put their clothes in between the felt and washed them.
It was forbidden to talk carelessly about the repressions and there were often cases of losing a job because of a denunciation. Also, there were people who were politically repressed through exile and such people came and worked in his homeland. Banzragch darga was exiled and he was very pleasant to talk and communicate with. But there were also the exiled people who were depressed about their situation and they were wary.
Concerning democracy, the people understood and took it in in various ways. But 60 percent of them accepted it as the right thing. The Soviet Union had split up therefore it was inevitable for our nation to have reforms but it was too quick and the society didn't change in an orderly fashion, concluded Namsrai guai. During the democratic change many people not affiliated with the revolutionary party joined the Democratic Party but later they have changed their membership to the revolutionary party.