Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990360
Name: Handaa
Parent's name: Jamba
Ovog: Marguud
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1955
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: seamstress, herder

Additional Information
Education: secondary
Notes on education: büren dund
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Hishig-Öndör sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Handaa please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090762A with Handaa by Otgonbayar

Handaa guai went to school in 1960 and she used to live with her grandmother in the sum center. At first they used to write with indelible pencils and later they started to write with ink. Until the end of the first academic quarter the children rode horses to school. From the fifth grade Russian uniforms started to appear but they were rare. Therefore the people made dresses from brown drill cloth and aprons from the black and white drill cloth. There used to be string ribbons but they were very rare. She ironed the ribbons on the stove pipe. When ironing the uniform, she boiled water in cast iron kettle and ironed with it. She often took part in the school concerts and she was given a box of candies and cookies. The advanced schoolchildren were given 14 notebooks and ink or a case for an ink holder.

She had a problem with her foot, so she visited hospitals and as a result she lagged behind and attended school with her younger sister in the same grade. Later, when they were to enter the eighth grade, they were told that one of them would be allowed to go, so her younger sister went to the countryside on an assignment and she remained to continue her study. Her foot bothered her and she couldn’t walk so she came to the city to have it examined and found out it had been broken. Having visited many hospitals, she came back to attend the school and enter the eighth grade but when she wasn’t let in, her mother met the director of the school and then she was let in. When entering the tenth grade, the Party Central Committee decided how many children would go to vocational school and how many stay at the school and go on an assignment. Because of her academic grades she had the opportunity to continue her study in the tenth grade but since she was older she had to go to the vocational school. Thus she entered the European pattern [of sewing] class of the Cultural service school. Adarsüren guai and Tungalag guai visited their vocational school and selected the good children singers and Handaa guai was selected as one of them. But the school forbade her to go on stage for she was a little lame.

When she came to work in the public service department of Hishig-Öndör, they always sewed deel, canvas roofing, and footwear. They had treadle sewing machines and flat-irons. Handaa guai first became acquainted with her husband when he was serving in the army and having come to their homeland, they wedded.

Summary of Interview 090762B with Handaa by Otgonbayar

The brigade where Handaa guai worked became a large factory after it was the public service department of the aimag and all sewing and cutting machines were electric. Wide trousers and coats were fashionable then and Handaa guai sewed them all.

She delivered her first child easily and after 56 days she gave it to the nursery and went to work. Regretfully her oldest son had a high fever because of the vaccination and he passed away at the age of three. There was a high rate of infant mortality then, therefore examinations were conducted on this matter.

When Handaa guai delivered her next child, she sensed all the sufferings of bearing a child for she was diagnosed with a malposition and the child was born prematurely. Her husband was a driver of the sum darga and he was very rarely home . Therefore Handaa guai once scolded him in front of his darga and because of that incident he was rejected when he wanted to join the party saying he had marital problems. Due to that issue, under the pretext of interrupting state work, failing to fulfill the plan, abstaining from party membership, and considering their private life Handaa guai and Sambuu were at edge of being dismissed from work. But they were truly good and skilled workers therefore they remained at work.

Handaa guai was classified as invalid at the time of privatization therefore she wasn’t able to get anything from it. At the end of the interview she sung the song she had sung on stage in her childhood.