Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990364
Name: Medehgüi
Parent's name: Ochirsüren
Ovog: Oojoo
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1952
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: project coordinator

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Belief: none
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bulgan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Medehgüi please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090766A with Medehgüi by Otgonbayar

Medehgüi guai was born in 1952 in the land of Saihan sum of Bulgan aimag. He raised livestock together with his parents and at the age of eight he went to school. He finished the secondary school in Bulgan aimag and while studying at the agricultural institute he was called to serve in the army. In 1976 he graduated from the institute and became a deputy darga of a collective and a chief zoo-technician.

Initially from 1951 the development of cattle for meat began in the northern region and as a result of many years of selection and breeding work the Selenge breed was developed in 1979. This research collective was rewarded with a state prize. Recently, the Selenge breed cow’s productivity has failed to reach the initial indicators, and Medehgüi guai, as a person who developed this breed, has been working on increasing its productivity for the last several years.

Originally, a company was established to retain herds of all the breeds during privatization but Simba Bataa, having privatized this company, has wasted all the cows.

The veterinary care has declined after its privatization and all the cattle have stopped being vaccinated with a consequent increase of infectious cattle disease. If the veterinarian and the herders work on a contract basis, both sides’ responsibilities will increase and there’s a possibility of decreasing the loss of livestock. Excessive increase in the number of livestock without economic circulation may lead to overgrazing, and a study has been issued that the substantial part of the Mongolian pasture land has been degraded.

Without the state policy, the tax system, without circulating the cattle by the economic leverage and without the number of cattle appropriate for the grazing capacity the pasture land will be destroyed soon and it will be impossible for livestock husbandry to exist, emphasized Medehgüi guai.

The decline of livestock herding techniques and the increase of mechanisation has a negative impact on the quality of the cattle and a decrease in size is being observed. The cattle are not accepted for export because of the cattle disease and we have 25-26 regular cattle diseases. If we improve the cattle breeding and develop the intensified livestock husbandry according to the state policy there’s a possibility of steady development of livestock husbandry, said Medehgüi guai.

Summary of Interview 090766B with Medehgüi by Otgonbayar

During the privatization process Medehgüi guai was working at the Ingettolgoi state farm. This farm was considered a large farm at that time and its turnover was 56-57 million tögrögs. In fact, there were only three farms that had remained the state farms nationwide and they are Ingettolgoi, Tümentsogt of Sühbaatar and Zaluuchuud of Töv aimag. The Bayantsogt state farm was divided into 24 parts at that time. There was a suggestion to divide the Ingettolgoi state farm into four parts but each ‘bag’ had different yields and their profit was different. Therefore they discussed with the herders and the farmers about the worthlessness of dividing the state farm and it has been kept as a state farm. Twenty percent of it was made with the involvement of state property and 40 percent of the cattle were privatized. As a farm, they have discussed buying the shares themselves but in 1992 the Ingettolgoi state farm was shut down, and the Ingettolgoi shareholding company was established and a man named Byambaa became its director. Medehgüi guai’s health deteriorated and he moved to Saihan. When leaving, he instructed them to buy his shares.

Medehgüi guai attended a training course at the Management Development Institute and he said he acquired quite a bit of knowledge from this. A man called Bataa privatized the Ingettolgoi shareholding company, having purchased the blue and pink coupons the people had. The people weren’t aware of the coupons’ value then. As for the other state farms, they have been split up into small parts. Most of them perhaps had become bankrupt, he said. Some perhaps had unified the ones that have gone bankrupt, acquiring a private company, he said.

Medehgüi guai is now working as a countryside poverty alleviation project manager. The trainings necessary for people to make a living are being organized by the project. Also, investments are being made for improving the management environment of the livestock husbandry. In 1966 the first stage of the livestock restocking project was being carried out in Arhangai and Hövsgöl. But the number of livestock of the majority of the ‘ails’ has decreased, therefore it was thought that the project wasn’t being executed well. Therefore this program has started to be implemented to assist, firstly, in the livestock husbandry issue, secondly, in the sphere of the social sector, thirdly, in the micro-financial activity or in the economic sphere. 700-800 million tögrögs have been invested in livestock per year. In the social sector, investments have been made for the hospitals and schools.

Poverty is increasing in the countryside and the people who privatized cattle lack livestock handling experience and, on the other hand, due to weather complications 1700 families within the aimag have lost their cattle by 2003. But, in fact, poverty is increasing in the sum center and the aimag center. The people have started to migrate to the settled central places.

In 1990 the sum mayor, the sum darga, the state farm darga, the cooperative darga, the sum dargas separated and all the work had been concentrated on the sum darga. Especially in 1992-1994 it was extremely hard.