Interviewee ID: 990378
Parent's name: Luvsan
Year of Birth: 1933
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Hanhongor sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Hanhongor sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: [blank]
To read a full interview with Urtnasan please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090926A with Urtnasan by Sarantsetseg
L. Urtnasan was born in Argalant sum (later unified with Hongor sum) of Ömnögovi aimag. He graduated from elementary school in 1948, became a herder, worked as a sanitary assistant for the bag (smallest administrative unit in the collective) and agent. In 1958 he finished a driver’s course in Ulaanbaatar and worked as a driver in various organizations until he retired in 1991.
In the beginning of the interview he gives a detailed account of his years in secondary school. He also mentions about the herders’ life at that time, the camel trade and his parents. He talks about how they used to collect wool and other raw material from each family then carry them to UB, or Altanbulag to exchange it for items like tea, cotton, flour and distribute it to residents of the sum.
During the interview he talks in detail about the cultural campaigns, mobile clinics that used to visit rural areas specifically targeting tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases and how they contributed in making the population healthy. He also talks about work and lifestyle during socialism taking as an example his own experience and factory workers’ lives. He mentions how during socialism the leader of any organization and accountants used to have more power.
At the end he talks about how collectivization took off, how members of collectives lived, the process of privatization and how funeral rituals were transformed. He held on to his privatization shares for while without knowing what to do with it until he gave it to the Ömnögovi aimag stock market. However the stock market was closed down. He also mentions that most of the teachers and hospital employees did not receive anything from the privatization.