Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990379
Name: Tsend
Parent's name: Avir
Ovog: Bayart
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1937
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: retired

Additional Information
Education: secondary
Notes on education: büren dund
Belief: none
Born in: Manlai sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Hanhongor sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Tsend please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090927A with Tsend by Sarantsetseg

А. Tsend was born in 1937. After graduating school in 1952 he started herding livestock and became a member of a collective in 1958. He worked as an accountant, goat and horse herder and from 1980-91 he drove livestock for 11 years into the city. He retired at age 55 and since 2000 he switched to a sedentary life.

At the beginning of the interview he talks about how he worked as a herd driver. At time the collectives used to collect livestock from herders in May, herd them all the way to a location called “Hui Doloo Hudag” near Ulaanbaatar and give them for meat preparation. Two or three people would be responsible for transporting 1500 livestock and he was one of them. He also gives a detailed account of his childhood, relationships between children and parents, the education system at that time, his years in school as well as courses that specifically operated to eliminate adult illiteracy.

In the middle part he talks about the collectivization movement, the life of herders and members of collectives. At that time members of collectives apart from herding made immense contributions to the development of collectives through additional duties that included building fences, building centers of the sum and preparing fodder. He also recounts how the cultural campaigns were initiated and what the lifestyle was like during socialism.

Towards the end of the interview he mentions about privatization. Although privatizing livestock was a good idea, it benefited only the leaders and accountants of collectives who divided up the livestock for themselves. He also talks about how religion underwent change, people who had power during socialism, foreign relations, environmental changes, urban life, family, how status of men and women has been transformed, about funeral rituals and many more topics.