Interviewee ID: 990418
Parent's name: Pürev
Year of Birth: 1936
Notes on education: livestock expert
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Nyamsüren please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 091034A with Nyamsüren by Khishigsüren
He was born in 1936 in Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag. He went to school quite late at the age of eleven. At that time the schoolchildren were moved to the upper grades if they could solve four math methods and write a few letters. As a result he attended the first grade for a month and was moved to the second grade. Then he has attended the second grade for a dozen days and went to the third grade. The next autumn he went to the fourth grade and having attended it for three months he completed elementary school.
His childhood coincided with war-time, and as a result they lacked food and clothes. What a great perception of life the Mongolian people have. The herders managing the Mongolian livestock husbandry taught their children how to preserve the tradition, culture and the heritage. He talked about the upbringing of the children of that time, how they were educated and he compared to the education of children of today.
He told a very interesting and extensive story about what he had heard, seen and knew about repressions and the people he had met.
Until 1951 he stayed in the countryside tending livestock and then he attended the musical class of the Officer’s school when all of a sudden the Officer’s school was closed down. He returned to his aimag and worked as an assistant driver at the 8th auto base, a stoker in Saihan sum, a sum courier and an assistant to the sum secretary. At the same time he wrestled and in 1957 he was awarded the title of a falcon. In 1959 he completed the tenth grade. When he was a secondary school student, he was older than his classmates by several years and he had a family. Though it was prohibited for a schoolboy to have a family, his class teacher Puntsag concealed it from the school and the other teachers and he supported him until he finished the secondary school. He will never forget it. This had a great influence in his future life and fate.
After finishing secondary school he entered the Agricultural Institute and became a zoologist. There was a requirement to provide the light industries in Mongolia with fine wool, and he participated closely in the breeding work of fine wool and fine fleece sheep. He told a detailed story of producing fine wool sheep of the Hangai breed and he has been doing scientific research work on producing Hangai fine wool sheep at the livestock husbandry institute.
He has also worked as the aimag livestock husbandry department darga and the production department darga. He established a division for breeding fine wool sheep of the Hangai breed in Saihan sum, Bulgan. He also worked as the general animal husbandry specialist of the sum, the deputy darga of the collective, the aimag livestock husbandry institute darga and a sum collective darga of Orhon sum. He talked in detail how he assisted closely in the development of the agricultural collective.
He has opened the state naadam of Bulgan aimag singing the Tümen Eh song six years in a row. The the winner of the People’s Actor television show of the Russian Federation Borhüügiin Amarhüü, who is well-known in Mongolia, is his grandson. There are people among his relatives who wrestle, sing and play. He gave a very interesting interview recalling the work achievements and the hardships of life he has been through.
Summary of Interview 091034B with Nyamsüren by Khishigsüren
In the second part of his interview he talked about being the People’s Ih Hural deputy in 1990 and how he has assisted in approving the Constitution. In the socialist period the dargas and the sum dargas had no right to wrestle. When he was an aimag livestock husbandry production department darga and the animal husbandry specialist in charge of the aimag breeding issue in 1965, he visited the Bugat sum anniversary feast and he wrestled with the state lion Jamiyandorj who lifted a camel, the state elephant Badam, the state elephant ‘pointed hat’ Gombodorj and having won he was awarded a horse. He recalled that because of this measures were taken against him.
The cultural campaign began in the 1960s during the socialist period. It had an important effect for creating the conditions for the Mongolian people to become literate, to live a clean, neat and civilized life. It delivered the Mongolian people from various diseases.
Talking about the 1990 democracy and the privatization process he said the Choibalsan collective he had worked in gave the shares to the sum citizens who became the shareholders when the collective was being established. Those who had been abroad and elsewhere or in Ulaanbaatar city, also the district police officers, the state organization, the school and kindergarten teachers all got a certain share and it has become an example nationwide.
He is proud of being the grandfather of the singer Amarhüü and he shared his thoughts about the press writing various false things about his grandson. He wishes they would stop doing that. He also told about his own family. It was very interesting to read this interview of a genuine Mongolian man who has a repertoire for singing at feasts and who won three rounds in the naadam wrestling. Besides that it is also possible to listen to his long song.