Interviewee ID: 990423
Parent's name: Shirbazar
Year of Birth: 1928
Notes on education: PhD in history
Belief: Protestant, Christian
Born in: Zavhanmandal sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Tsermaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090520A with Tsermaa by Otgonbayar
Tsermaa guai was born and raised in Zavhanmandal sum of Zavhan aimag. In her childhood she was orphaned by her parents and was left with her older sister. After completing elementary school she went to the city and attended a vocational school of communication. Having graduating school, she worked as a technician at the telephone association.
Later while she still worked, she took the MNU entrance exams and passed them. She started attending evening preparatory classes and it was very complicated to manage her work and her studies in the winter cold and darkness. But anyway Tsermaa guai managed school, the communication work, the cashier’s work of her adopted mother, delivering five children and raising them. In this way she graduated from the historical faculty of the MNU and became one of the first teachers of the newly established Teacher’s Institute. At that time the Party Central Committee approved and appointed the teachers and Tsermaa guai taught for seven years at the Teacher’s Institute and then she shifted to the MNU to work as a teacher at the department of history.
Soon she started to work at the ideological department of the Party's Central Committee. At that time social science was considered to be significant and a social science department was established at every institute. The first teachers’ qualification enhancement institute was established in 1955 and for a period of two summer months all kinds of lessons were taught to the countryside teachers.
There are indeed many things created by the MPRP and if this party didn’t exist, Mongolia wouldn’t have been the way it is today, she said. Originally in the 1990s they talked of establishing a humane democratic society but today it isn’t clear what kind of society they are trying to establish.
Summary of Interview 090520B with Tsermaa by Otgonbayar
Tsermaa guai was born in 1928, seven years after the victory of the revolution. Life was really hard in her childhood and only about ten ‘ails’ had a somewhat better life in the sum and the rest served them. They lived in extreme poverty. During the repressions the rich and people in high positions and the lamas were victimized whereas the poor and destitute people were affected greatly by the evil consequences of it. During the cultural campaign much attention was paid to make the destitute people clean and neat and giving them an education
Before revolution the women were men’s slaves and household servants and after revolution the women’s condition improved slightly. With the coming of democracy the women have started to engage themselves in everything but lately this situation is being changed a little. In fact, the women have always borne the burden of household work, the children’s upbringing and other work.
In the socialist period the people were appointed to work after graduation and industrialization was developed well.
Speaking about privatization, Tsermaa said the people who had started democracy have promptly participated in the privatization process and a few people have acquired the all core sectors.
The city planning issue is becoming very complicated and the people carrying out the work should be thoughtful otherwise there’s the problem of the deterioration of long sightedness and acquiring lung disease [from increased pollution].
It’s a good thing that democracy has emerged but it’s regretful that all the buildings of the previous generation have been destroyed and violated. In the socialist period we had the authority based on compulsion, but today we have authority based on money.
Tsedenbal guai was an amazing leader who was aware of the life of the commoners. He was discerning and he could talk with anyone in a simple and pleasant way.